The capital of the State of Cuba

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The State of Cuba

The Republic of Cuba is located in the heart of the Caribbean at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico, and it consists of the island of Cuba and the island of La Juventud, in addition to a number of archipelagos, and its area extends to more than 109,886 km2, and it shares external borders with the United States of America from the northwestern part, and its borders from the north come With the Bahamas, while Haiti borders it from the eastern side, it participates with Jamaica from the south, and Mexico from the west.

Cuba takes the capital of the largest city of Havana as its capital, and Santiago de Cuba comes second, and over eleven million people reside on the territory of Cuba, according to 2015 estimates.

Havana is the capital of the State of Cuba

The capital, Havana, has an important commercial position nationwide, as it is the main port and commercial center of Cuba, and is considered one of the largest cities in the level of Cuba and the Caribbean in terms of population, with a population of more than 2.4 million people.

History of the city of Havana

The city of Havana became evident after the first European footsteps of Sebastian de Ocampo in the year 1509 AD, and the history of the city indicates that it fell victim to Spanish colonialism in the year 1510 AD, but the invading Diego Velazquez de Cuellar actually established the city on the twenty-fifth of August 1515 AD above the coast Southern island.

In 1592 AD, King of Spain, King Philip II, gave Havana the title of a city, and it was officially recognized according to a royal decree in the year 1634 AD, given its importance which it represented as a key to the modern world.

Geography of the city of Havana

The city of Havana has a narrow opening, and the bay separates to include three main ports: Marmalina, Guanbaco, and Teres. Most of its terrain is from low hills. As for its climate, it is affected by a tropical climate.

The city of Havana occupies a space extending to 728.26 km² from the west of the Gulf to the south, and rises above sea level by about fifty-nine meters, and the El Mendares River crosses its lands from the south to the north.

Tourism in the city of Havana

The tourism sector remained a difficult currency in the country during the period prior to the Cuban revolution, as preventing travel to Latin countries was a restriction on the movement of travelers, especially Americans to it, and this led to a sharp decline in the numbers of tourists to the region, and in the fifties of the twentieth century the city opened its doors In front of visitors, with the passage of time, tourism institutions managed to control the tourism sector until it became the main source of income in Cuba.

Cuba tourist attractions

  • National de Cuba Hotel.
  • The Grand Theater.
  • Revolution Museum.
  • Statue of Christ (Il Cristo de Havana).
  • Fortaleza San Carlos de Lacabana Castle.
  • Nikropolis Christophal Colon Museum and Cemetery.
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