The city of Zahra in Cordoba

It is a famous Andalusian city that was built by the order of the Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Rahman III, called al-Nasir, and that was in the year three hundred and twenty-five for migration, and he was interested in decorating it, the architecture of its palaces, and the decoration of the buildings and factories there, and the city of Zahraa is located northwest of the city of Cordoba, about five miles, and has been completed It was built in the year three hundred and sixty-five during the reign of al-Hakam ibn Hisham, and it was subjected to ruin and looting after the fall of the Umayyad Caliphate.

The architectural style of the city of Al-Zahra in Cordoba

The city was built in a very fine architectural style, and it was designed in an odd way, as it contained different degrees, on which the classes were classified in society. And the highest ranks occupied the center of the city, which contained the Great Palace of the Caliphate, and one of the most famous figures that came out of this city is the personality of Abu Al-Qasim Al-Zahrawi, who was attributed to him, and he was an expert doctor in the field of combined and individual medicines, and he was a skilled surgeon who excelled in his era In surgery His inventions of medical and surgical machines contributed to laying down basic rules for surgery in Europe. As for the most famous tools he invented, he worked with them, and explained how they worked, and how they were made were bone saws, birth dried up, syringes, or regular syringes, irons, scalpels, and many others. .

The fall of the city of Zahra

Prosperity did not last long, and the reputation of the city of Zahraa did not last long, as it was demolished, and sabotage by the wars that overthrew the Umayyad caliphate, and this led to its downfall, and folded into the books of oblivion, even in most excavations, research was all that is discovered is believed to belong to the city of Cordoba, and in Year One thousand nine hundred and eleven explorers confirmed that all these relics belong to the city of Al-Zahra, which was in the minds of most people a legendary city, does not exist.

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