Kola’s well as the deepest hole in the world
The deepest hole in the world is a scientific project called (the deep Kola well), which is a hole or exploration well that is the deepest in the world that was conducted in the Soviet Union (today Russia). Work began to dig this well on the twenty-fourth day of May, one thousand nine hundred and seventy years, and it was completed in one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine, and the depth of the resulting hole or hole reached about twelve thousand two hundred and sixty meters.
Beginning of drilling
The beginning of the idea of this project was one thousand nine hundred and sixty two AD, and the Joint Scientific Council for the Study of the Earth was assigned to work on the completion of this project. The choice of the site for completion of the project (excavation) came in one thousand nine hundred and sixty-five, and this site is located in the northwest of the Soviet Union, and to the west of the city of Zabolierny.
The original goal of the drilling was to dig about fifteen thousand meters, and on the sixth of June in the year one thousand nine hundred and seventy-nine the depth reached reached the depth of the well in Oklahoma (Al-Parthia Rogers) which has a depth of nine thousand five hundred and eighty three meters, registered with this number New world record. In the year one thousand nine hundred and eighty-three exceeded the depth of twelve thousand meters, but after that the work was stopped for a whole year in order to celebrate this event.
On the twenty-seventh of September of the year one thousand nine hundred and eighty-four, a disappointing collapse occurred after the depth reached more than twelve thousand sixty-six meters; where the slow work resulted in the fall of five thousand meters of soil into the hole, and workers had to start digging again from The level of seven thousand meters, and the depth of the hole reached about twelve thousand two hundred and sixty-two meters in one thousand nine hundred and eighty-nine.
It was supposed to reach a depth of thirteen thousand five hundred meters in the end of the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-nine, and it was assumed that the exact number of fifteen thousand meters would be reached in the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-three, but the work in the drilling had stopped in the year one thousand nine hundred and ninety-two , Because it was found that the planned targets could not be reached.
The reason for this stopping is attributed to the rise in temperatures, which may reach about one hundred and eighty degrees Celsius, and it was previously expected that it will reach only one hundred degrees Celsius, and this means that the completion of work in drilling to a depth exceeding fifteen kilometers will be at a temperature exceeding three hundred degrees percentage.
The reason to stop following the drilling
It was rumored during that period that the reason for stopping was hearing human voices coming from deep inside the earth, but the head of the research center located in the Kula Peninsula denied the validity of this matter, indicating that the main reason for stopping the work is the suspension of its funding by the Soviet Union because of its fall.