The effects of Luxor and Aswan

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Luxor and Aswan

The shortest of the famous Egyptian cities since ancient times, it was in the period of the modern state (1085-1567 AD) the capital of the Egyptian state / its name was “West”, then a good name was given to it, and Homer described it during that period as “the city of the hundred gates”, and then after that The Arabs chose the shortest name for it, due to the abundance of palaces and tall buildings and temples in it. They were built of limestone and granite, so the city blends the old character with the new character in a wonderful way, which made it distinguished in this world.

While Aswan is one of the most beautiful winter cities in the world, it owns many impressive monuments and is visited by tourists annually to enjoy the warm climate and see these monuments.

The effects in Luxor

  • Luxor Temple: It is a temple built for the god Amon Ra, and it is characterized by the presence of two obelisks in front of it, one of which is still coming and the other decorating the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
  • Abu Al-Hajjaj Mosque located in the northeastern part.
  • Karnak Temples: These temples are the most famous in the world, and extend over an area estimated at a hundred acres, and the Egyptians called them “i-bot-i-bot” and its meaning is the most respected places, and the road leading to it begins with the road of rams, which Amun represents the symbol of fertility and growth, Small sculptures of Ramses II carved beneath the heads of these rams. There is also the Great Hall of Pillars, which contains 134 columns. There are five monuments in the Karnak temples area, and in front of the third edifice there is the obelisk of Thutmose I, and in front of the fourth edifice the obelisk of Hatshepsut.
  • Luxor Museum, which contains a group of ancient Pharaonic, and is located between the temples of Luxor and Karnak.
  • Cemeteries of the Valley of Kings and Queens: They were built by the modern ruling family to be their cemetery out of the hands of thieves and fiddlers, and the most important of these tombs are the tomb of Tutankhamun, the tomb of Ramses III and the tomb of Seti I and others.

Archeology in Aswan

  • Abu Simbel Temple (small and large): The Temple of Abu Simbel the Little was built to commemorate the wife of Governor Ramses II Nefertari, based on his desire, and this temple contains beautiful drawings and colors and has been called the Temple of the Rocks of the Gods of Love, Music and Beauty, while the Temple of Abu Simbel the Great Dedicated to the worship of God Ra Hor, sister of the Rising Sun God, the two temples were completely built inside the mountain, which made them a rare architectural masterpiece.
  • Philae Island: It is an unparalleled masterpiece in the world as it contains the remains of temples.
  • There are also many other monuments in Aswan, including: the Nile Scale, Amun Island, the Tombs of the Nobles, the Monastery of St. Simeon, the Missing Touch, the Temple of Philae, the Temple of Kalabsha, the Temple of Beit al-Wali, the Temple of Edfu, the effects of the Cape region, and the Temple of Kom Ombo.
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