The largest city in Africa

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Cairo is the largest African city

Cairo is considered the largest city in the African continent and the Middle East, which is the Egyptian capital, and the population of the city is approximately (7.787) million, according to 2007 estimates, while the population of Greater Cairo is approximately (20.5) million people out of the population of the Egyptian Republic, which is estimated at ( 91) million people, as it is considered the most populous city, as every kilometer of its area is inhabited by more than (15) thousand people, and the city of Cairo in the past was called “the city of a thousand minarets” due to the large number of mosques in it. Greater Cairo includes Cairo Governorate, Giza City, and other suburbs of Qalyubia Governorate, such as Shubra El-Kheima, Helwan Governorate, and Sixth of October Governorate.

The origin of Cairo

The origin of the city of Cairo is due to the city of Fustat, which was established by Amr ibn al-Aas in the year (20) of migration, then Jawhar al-Skali came and included three cities to become the capital of the Fatimid state during the period (358) Hijri, where he built walls around these cities and called them The name “Cairo”, and this city contains the following cities: the city of Al-Fustat, the mother, and the city of Askar, which was founded in the year (132) Hijri by Saleh Al-Abbasi, in addition to the city of Al-Qata’i, which was founded in the year (256) Hijri by Ahmed Bin Tulun, and some neighborhoods Which was created during the era of Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi, then expanded and became the largest Egyptian and African cities.

Geography

Cairo is located on the northern side of the Egyptian state on the side of the Nile River islands, and the old part of the city is located in the east of the river, then the city gradually diffuses west, as the western part of the city was built on the model of the city of Paris by the Egyptian ruler, Khedive Ismail, in the beginnings The nineteenth century, which was organized with wide neighborhoods, open areas and public gardens, the ancient eastern part of the city expanded randomly over time and crowded buildings and streets, and it is like the history of the city of Cairo as it contains old churches and mosques and ancient monuments, while the modern western section is filled with coffee State offices, and modern buildings, which are the most important parts of the city.

the climate

The climate of the city in the summer season has high temperatures, and it is considered cold in the winter, as the average temperatures in the summer season range between (21-37) degrees, while in the winter the temperatures range between (6-17) degrees Celsius However, due to the breeze of the River Nile, which leads to a slight decrease in temperature in the summer, there are a lot of Cairo residents heading to the regions of Alexandria and Ismailia to escape high temperatures, where Ismailia is about 122 kilometers away from Cairo, in addition to that, five-way winds blow in Summer, the temperatures rise by about (14) degrees, suddenly, and reduce the temperature Brick, as the inhabitants of the region suffer from dust as a result of this wind.

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