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Great Pyramid of Khufu
The pharaoh Khufu began building the first project of the Pyramid of Giza around 2550 BC, and its pyramid was the largest among the pyramids of Giza, with a height of about 147 meters above the plateau, and it consists of about 2.3 million pieces weighing between 2268 to 13608 kg.
The Great Pyramid of Giza is a distinctive symbol of Egypt, and it is the last remaining of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World in the world, and it was the tallest building made by human hands in the world, as it is a record held for more than 3000 years, and it was discovered for the first time using modern technologies and scientific analysis In 1880 AD by William Petrie, the British archaeologist who set a standard for archaeological processes in Egypt in general, and in Giza in particular.
How to build the Great Pyramid of Khufu
The question of how the pyramids were built did not receive a completely satisfactory answer, but the closest answer to reality is that the Egyptians used a tilted bridge surrounded by bricks, land, and sand, whose height and length were increased with increasing height and length of the pyramid, as the stone blocks were moved by Bridge through skis, pulleys and cranes.
According to the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, the construction of the Great Pyramid took 20 years, and its construction required 100,000 workers who were farmers who spent their time building the pyramids when they were unable to work on their farms for several reasons including the flood of the Nile, but by the late twentieth century archaeologists found Evidence that only about 20,000 workers built the pyramids permanently, not seasonally.
Discovering the Pyramids of Giza
The pyramids not only helped to build ancient Egypt, but also contributed to preserving it and made it possible to discover it by the following:
- The artwork on the tombs shows pictures of old farmers who work in their fields, graze livestock, fish and care for poultry, carpentry and fashion design, as well as illustrate their religious rituals, and how they perform burial ceremonies.
- The inscriptions and texts also make it possible to search the rules of the ancient Egyptian language, since any Arab travelers want to study about the Pharaonic civilization, you can find it on the walls of the graves in Giza.
- Der Manuelian heads the Giza Archive project, which is an enormous collection of Giza’s photos, plans, drawings, manuscripts, records, and notes, to help everyone gain access to and learn about these valuable resources.
- Ancient records preserve faded paintings or engravings, and artifacts that have been lost or destroyed.