The largest pyramids of Egypt

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The pyramid of Khufu

The pyramid of Khufu, or the Great Pyramid (in English: The Great Pyramid) is the largest pyramid of ancient Egypt, and it represents one of the largest buildings on the face of the earth, as it was created by ancient Egyptians, to be a funerary monument of Egypt’s second pharaoh from the Fourth Dynasty, Khufu, Note that it is considered the only archaeological building still visible from the seven wonders of the ancient world, and astronomical evidence indicates that the history of the construction of the pyramid of Khufu dates back to 2450 BC.

The Urban and Spatial Description of Khufu Pyramid

The pyramid of Khufu, or the Great Pyramid, is located on the top of the Giza Plateau, located about 16.09 km to the western side of the city of Cairo, and it covers a geographical area estimated at 130,000 square meters, so that the length of each side in its base reaches 230,43 meters, and its height reaches To 146,61 meters. It is worth noting that this amazing architectural edifice was created through a large number of huge limestone cubes that were surprisingly and accurately arranged by thousands of workers, but what cannot be understood is how a person can place these huge stones in their place, and from Among the beliefs about this was that the ancient Egyptians used the principle of the sloping bridge, and put water as an auxiliary material to pull the stones up.

The astronomical and religious characteristics of the pyramid of Khufu

The pyramid of Khufu is of great religious importance. Although it mainly represents a cemetery, or funerary monument, it also contains a number of temples and religious sites, and it is also connected to an ancient temple on the banks of the Nile River through a land bridge, and in addition, it has been done Using the pyramid of Khufu as a site for meditation, or as a sacred monument, thanks to the splendor of its construction and the magnitude of its size, as the ancient Egyptians believed that the shape of the pyramid represented the exit of the body from the earth towards sunlight.
On the other hand, the applications of modern mathematical techniques see that the pyramid of Khufu was designed in an astronomical manner to be a chronological time clock, through which the dates of winter, summer, and solstice coups are set in the spring and autumn, which indicates that the engineers of the Great Pyramid were Very familiar with mathematics and astronomy.

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