The most famous landmarks of Italy

| |

Italia

Italy is a country located in the depth of the Mediterranean Sea, in the central south side of the continent of Europe, with a population of approximately 60.55 million people, according to statistics in 2020, and the peninsula of Italy has many scenic natural scenes such as the Alps with the most terrifying lands in the world, as well as Rome, the capital of Italy, contains many monuments and arts that reflect the character of one of the most deeply rooted cities in the world throughout the world, which attract tourists to witness its magnificence, so it is natural that Italy is one of the tourist countries visited by more than 40 million foreign tourists in the decade of the first century Twenty one.

The most famous landmarks of Italy

Historical Sites

Colosseum

The Colosseum, or as it is called the Flavian Amphitheater, is considered one of Italy’s most famous landmarks. It is a giant Roman amphitheater built by the emperors during the years (70-72 AD) under the rule of Emperor Vespasian, who granted it as a gift to the Romans, and was opened after nearly a decade from the date of its construction, Its opening saw a great celebration of Emperor Titus, and the celebration spanned a hundred days during which many games were displayed, and Emperor Commodus was famous for his love to attend hundreds of performances at the Colosseum, which was varied between the traditional games that emperors are famous for, and the representative works that include the representation of events that Over During the past, in addition to watching the trials of executions that were taking place in front of everyone.
The area of ​​the Colosseum is approximately 189 x 156 meters, with a height of four floors. It is accessed through its eighty different entrances, of which 76 were reserved for the general public, and two for the participants in the activities that were held on the land of the runway, and two others were allocated only to enter the Emperor, and came The necessity of building a large number of the entrances of the Colosseum, until this stadium may accommodate a maximum of more than 50,000 people, and the Colosseum witnessed a set of reforms for several times during the successive years.
The popularity of the Colosseum began to decline when its offerings such as games became not a source of amusement for the Romanians, and this decline was reinforced after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, and the occurrence of many earthquakes has damaged the structure of the Colosseum in the fifth century AD, which led to a decline in interest in this Historic Landmark When the twentieth century began, two thirds of the old building was destroyed, and during the 1990s the Colosseum was restored to revive it, during this era becoming a tourist site in Rome attracting millions of tourists every year.

Palatine Plateau

Palatine Hill is one of the famous landmarks in Italy, as it is one of the oldest historical places in Rome, as it was the center of the founding of the city of Rome by Romulo in the second half of the eighth century BC, and this plateau contains many remains Places of worship and palaces that were the residence of the emperor at the time, such as the Palace of Augustus, which is one of the most preserved palaces among its other palaces, and during the excavation were discovered cottages, tombs, and fortresses, dating back to the Iron Age, and these remains were used and discoveries in knowledge Culture and living life What was prevalent at the time, in addition to the knowledge that the Palatine Plateau was a sacred place for practicing religious rituals, and fertile land, which made it a plateau expressing strength and natural beauty, and is located on the Palatine Plateau lands, the Palatine Museum, which contains many holdings of Iron Age cemeteries, and also includes artistic works It was obtained from imperial buildings as the special decorative panels of the reading room.

Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is one of the most famous Italian monuments, which was originally a marshland, which was started to develop in the seventh century BC, to become a region that contains many historical monuments, including temples, public areas, and the palace The submerged, the Arch of Triumph, the Arch of Titus, and the Temple of Saturn, which made it occupy a social, political and commercial center for the Roman Empire at that time. The Roman Forum collapsed as other historical buildings in Rome collapsed due to the fall of the Roman Empire, and the Roman Forum was used to make it A private land for pastures after that. Therefore, it was named the cow field during the Middle Ages. The ruins made of stones and marble were stolen during this period. The forum witnessed exploration and excavations during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries that extended to this era.

Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is one of the most famous monuments in Italy, and it is located in the back of the Pisa Cathedral, and it occupies the third place in terms of the oldest establishments on the church square after both the church itself and the baptism, and the Pisa Tower is the bell of a cathedral The city of Pisa, which was built from white marble, was built with the aim of drawing attention to the church, and the tower was built on three historical stages between the period (1173-1370 AD). The Pisa Tower began in the unintended inclination of one side due to the lack of strong foundations in Late years in which it was built, and increased its tendency to become F. Shape it is known in the late twentieth century and early twentieth century and atheist, and the Leaning Tower of Pisa attracts more than 5 million tourists a year, with an average income of approximately 21 million euros a year.

The city of Pompeii

Pompeii (Italy: Pompeii) is one of the tourist areas in Italy, located near the city of Naples, and it ranks second among the most visited monuments in Italy, and it is on the UNESCO list of world heritage sites, due to the ruins and remains of an ancient Roman city that was almost completely destroyed. As a result of the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in the year 79 AD, these ruins reflect ancient Roman life in its various cultural forms, as it contains thermal baths which are ancient health baths, and the forum that was hosting various meetings of the most responsible and religious personalities of the time, in addition to the Sarh who hosts many performances during the ancient times, and others.

Religious monuments

Florence Cathedral

Santa Maria del Fiore or the Florence Cathedral is a famous landmark in Italy, and an important symbol during the Renaissance of the city of Florence, especially when it was nicknamed the Virgin of the Flower in 1412 CE, and its length is about 153 meters, and its width is 90 meters at the crossing, and its height is From the surface of the earth to the underside of the lantern about 90 CE, Florence Cathedral was the largest church during the fifteenth century, but it is now the third largest church in the world after St. Peter’s Church in Rome and St. Paul in London.
Florence Cathedral is characterized by its façades covered in colored marble in a variety of colors, such as white, green, pink, and the red dome of Brunelleschi, which is topped on it. On the western side of the church, a facade dating back to the Gothic Renaissance took place in the nineteenth century. The construction of Florence Cathedral took about 150 years, and these are reflected The duration of the Church’s outward appearance in the different artistic touches that followed her from its foundation until the completion of its construction, which made there are clear differences between what was planned and designed by Arnulfo de Campio and the shape of the structure of the current external cathedral.

Church of Santa Maria delle Grassi

One of the most famous Italian monuments is the Church of Santa Maria delle Grassi, located in the Melanone Complex. It was built with the Dominican Monastery in 1463 AD by Gineforte Solari, and was rebuilt again during the Renaissance in the late fifteenth century on The hand of Donato Bramante, who made many repairs in the church, where he increased the area, and built a cylindrical dome surrounded by many columns, in addition to building a special dining room in it, and the church of Santa Maria delle Grassi is famous for having a mural painted by artist Leonardo Da Vinci on the wall North in the hall of Deir A. Dominica during the years (1495-1497) m, which reflected his ambition in the evolution of the art world, and influenced clearly in the graphic arts through successive centuries; to become one of the most important frescos in the world.

St. Vitale Church

Basilica of San Vitale is one of the most attractive areas for tourists in Italy, due to its archaeological artistic importance dating back to early Christianity, and the character of oriental art dominated the architecture of St. Vitale’s church, just as in other buildings in Ravenna But it was mixed with Western arts and various mosaic drawings, which reflect the religious ideas and beliefs of the church at the time, and the church witnessed changes in the age of Justinian when the nave of the church was added by adding two corridors topped by a dome supported by eight columns and arches, and in 1780 AD added some artists Polish technical character on each of the ports and the dome, by drawing many domes and attractive trees, making the church a great place a huge space between the mosaic decorations, frescoes and paintings of the Baroque dome of the church.

St. Peter’s Basilica

St. Peter’s Church is located in the Vatican City, and the church is an official seat of the Pope and a major international place for the Catholic Church, and its construction dates back to the order of Emperor Constantine when he ordered the construction of a tomb for the Messenger in the fourth century, which was completed in 329 AD, to form a covered cemetery especially for the practice of rituals Religious and the revival of funerary traditions, during the Middle Ages the church played an important role as it was a major center for pilgrims from the West. Excavations have revealed many old drawings and paintings that reflect the culture of the early church in the Vatican City.
St. Peter’s Church is considered one of the attractive tourist areas in Italy, as it is considered one of the largest buildings in the world, and the largest papal church ever, making it a center of great interest that attracts many tourists from different countries every year to witness its magnificence, and the area of ​​the church in this era is 23,000 m 2 It is 218 meters long and 136 meters high.

Orvieto Cathedral

Orvieto Church is a symbol of the city of Orvieto, and it was well planned to build this church over 30 years, while its construction continued for three centuries beginning in 1290 AD, and the Catholic Church provided material support for building this church that mixes a set of architectural ideas that reflect the overlapping of Gothic culture And Romanian together, and the facade of the external church is painted with a mixture of black and white colors that other Italian churches are famous for. This facet mixes a group of mosaic murals that resemble jewelery pieces, many drawings of vines and flowers, in addition to the inscriptions that justify Of the wall, the colors of the spectrum attractive, so as to make the Church of the most important tourist attractions that attract visitors in Italy.

Natural attractions

Popoli Gardens

The origin of the site in the Boboli Gardens is in the garden behind the Palazzo Pitti, and the history of the construction of the Boboli Garden dates back more than 4 centuries, when Cosimo de Medici ordered in 1594 AD to build it to take 400 years to build the park, and during the seventeenth centuries And the eighteenth in addition to the nineteenth century, the area of ​​the garden was increased by the Medici and Lorraine families, to become a landmark covering the largest green area in Florence, and the Boboli Garden is currently considered to be one of the natural museums that span an area of ​​44,515 m 2, which houses various buildings, statues, And fountains dating back to the Roman and Renaissance, and MG At precious jewelry, in addition to large amounts of oak trees, and is Boboli Gardens of the best tourist destinations in Italy.

The Grand Canal

The Grand Canal is one of the most important waterways in Venice, and it passes through the city center to divide it into two parts, and the length of the Grand Canal is approximately 3.8 km, while its width varies between 30 m-90 m, and its depth varies by an average of 5 meters, and the water passes through the canal from The surrounding lake up to the Adriatic, which makes the great opportunity for the occurrence of tidal phenomena in this channel, as is the case with all the channels in Venice, and that every time period is approximately 6 hours.
The Grand Canal today occupies an important position in Venice, as it is a place that embraces many major local celebrations during the year. The Canal is also a sea route used by merchants to import fish, fruits, and vegetables, in addition to transporting various goods and aid via boats, and is also a means of transportation The residents crossed it from one place to another, while tourists enjoy riding the canal boats to go on a water excursion where they eat food, listen to music, and watch the palaces of Venice; therefore it is considered one of the well-known tourist areas in Italy.

The blue cave

The Blue Grotto Cave is one of the most famous tourist places in Italy. It is a fully lit blue cave with a length of 54 meters, a width of 30 meters, and a height of 15 meters. It can be reached by boat rowing and rowing beneath it. The cave has been known for a long time as it was The workplace of the local fishermen, discovered by the German writer August Kubich and the painter Ernst Frize in 1826 AD, and the back side of the cave contains art from Roman sculptures that are still visible.
It is mentioned that the cave was subjected to prehistoric times by approximately 20 meters, which made all the entrances to the cave prevent the leakage of light except the entrance of the cave, which is 1.3 meters high, through which the sun’s rays pass through the water, and then the light causes refraction reflected from the light of the depths of the sandy sea White The cave is lit in blue, from which it is called.

Lake Como

Lake Como is located about 50 km from Milan, specifically between the provinces of Como and Lecco, and is considered the deepest lake in Italy with a depth of 410 m, and occupies the third place in terms of size among the lakes of Italy after each of the Garda and Maggiore lakes. Lake Como is among the region’s lakes Lombardy, Como is located on the southwestern side of the lake, Lecco is on the southeast, while Colico is on the north.
There are many attractive views that can be seen from the shore of Lake Como, which took the name of the city as its title, which attracted many artists and travelers during history, as it contains green gardens, and the various buildings that surround the lake, which were a resort to the nobles of Lombardy since the sixteenth century, and reflect Como Italian architecture through buildings of modern European architecture, also includes the Silk Museum of Education, which welcomes tourists and takes them through an exploratory session of traditional textiles in the city.
Lake Como is one of the famous tourist areas in Italy, and it hosts amateur athletes to practice swimming in an outdoor atmosphere, especially during the summer season, where many water sports can be played such as windsurfing, canoeing, and surfing, as can be seen Beautiful outdoor performances such as rubber jumping and flying with umbrellas or sails, as well as the possibility of mountain climbing in this area and go into adventures between mountain curves by bike and horse riding and others.

Amalfi Coast

The Amalfi Coast is located in the Gulf of Salerno, on the southern side of Naples. It is mentioned by UNESCO that it is one of the coasts of various environments, as it is characterized by its attractive colors of cities located next to the mountain. It also contains many vineyards and citrus fruits whose benefits were reflected in a worthy local production, There are also many pastures in it, which made it a coast that mixes nature and culture to reflect the manifestations of classical art in the Mediterranean.
The Amalfi Coast is characterized by its mild climate, and its possession of many different resources, in addition to its natural beauty, which made it an important station during the centuries, as it attracted people from different countries such as Greece, the Romans, the Normans, the Crabs, the Pure Arabs, and others, who added their special character on the coast with Every time they visit it, the population centers are concentrated at the distance of the slopes of the Amalfi Coast, which made its housing mix with the beach rocks to add aesthetic to the coast, so that the city of Amalfi, like the city of Ravello, becomes one of the cities of art and architecture, which made it one of the areas attractive to tourism in Italy.

Palaces and castles

Venaria Palace

The Palace of Venaria is considered one of the attractive tourist sites in Italy, specifically in the city of Venaria Riali in the province of Turin, and it is one of the world monuments that have been included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage, due to what reflects the architecture and landscape in it about Baroque life, It also contains many different halls and galleries, in addition to the palace garden, which mixes the ancient archaeological character and artwork of a modern nature.

Caserta Royal Palace

The Royal Palace Of Caserta is considered one of the most attractive tourist sites in Italy, as it is the largest royal palace in the world with a total area of ​​235,000m2, and it is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and is located near Naples in the Campania region, and returns Its history dates back to the eighteenth century, at the behest of the Bourbon king, and its design closely resembles the Palace of Versailles.
The Caserta Royal Palace is a historic palace with 1,200 rooms spread over 5 floors, all beautifully decorated. The palace is filled with large murals covering the ceiling of the palace and boasting golden ornaments with attractive shapes. The palace also contains chandeliers and furniture dating back to the Baroque era, and during This era the palace hosted many art galleries in which paintings of contemporary landscapes and art are displayed, so it is recommended to visit it to see the sights of the great historical artistic civilization.

Villa d’Este

Villa d’Este is one of the tourist sites in Italy, which reflects the culture of the Renaissance in its best form. Villa d’Este consists of three floors, organized windows, in addition to side suites of the villa. Villa d’Este also contains a garden The first gardens built in Europe during the sixteenth century, and the garden contains many water fountains and ornamental ponds, in addition to scenic landscapes.

My Home Palace

Palazzo Pitti is one of the most famous tourist attractions in Italy, as it is the largest palace in Florence, and a model that reflects the character of the royal palaces extending from Vienna to Madrid, and from St. Petersburg to Paris, as it has a large collection of statues and artifacts, And royal luxury furniture, and the palace consists of several floors, windows, and galleries, in addition to the palace garden, which is one of the first ancient gardens that reflect the Italian character. The construction of the palace was started in the middle of 1400 AD, and during this era the palace occupied a great place among the buildings of the Renaissance On a large scale, it exceeds the level of Florence The designer, Amanati, focused on showing the front yard of the palace in its most beautiful style, which overlooks the Boboli Gardens and a magnificent hill.

Doge’s Palace

Doge’s Palace is one of Italy’s top attractions.
It dates back to the fifteenth century, and the palace-style cavern halls contain many of the paintings that were in the palace library, which belong to Renaissance artists such as the painter Titian, Guido Reni, and others, in addition to the painter Raphael, who mastered the drawing of the young woman and artist Luciano لورانا الذي رسم لوحه المدينة الفاضلة، ويُمكن الوصول إلى الطابق الرئيسي الذي كان يُدعى بالطابق النبيل من خلال الصعود عبر الدرج الكبير في الساحة الداخلية من القصر، وذلك لمشاهدة الغُرف التي توّزع على مساحة بطول35م، بالإضافة إلى 17م لقاعة الاحتفالات الخاصة بالدوق الذي بُني له القصر في ع ام 1450م.

المتاحف و المعارض

معرض الأكاديمية

يعد معرض الأكاديمية (بالإنجليزية: The Accademia) من أهم معالم إيطاليا، وقد بُني هذا المعرض في عام 1784م، بأمر من الدوق بيتر ليوبولد، وذلك لإعادة هيكلة أكاديمية فنون التصميم التي كانت مُلكاً لكوزيمو دي ميديشي في عام 1563م، ليُصبح معرضاً يحتوي على أهم اللوحات الفنية التي تُجسّد الكنائس والأديرة، بالإضافة إلى اللوحات التاريخية من القرن الثالث عشر والرابع عشر، وكميّات كبيرة من اللوحات التي يرجع تاريخها للقرنين الخامس عشر والسادس عشر.
يُعد معرض الأكاديمية من المتاحف المُخصصة لعرض التماثيل التي نحتها الفنان مايكل انجيلو كتمثال ديفيد، الذي استغرق نحته ما يزيد عن تسع سنوات، وهو من أشهر منحوتات العالم على الإطلاق، وقد أكمل تصميمه ونحته المهندس المعماري إميليو دي فابريس فيما بعد، وشهد المتحف نقلة نوعيّة عندما نقل الفنان مايكل أنجلو تمثاله إلى ميدان بيازا ديلا سيجنوريا في عام 1873م، ثمّ أصبح المتحف معرضاً لأكاديمية الفنون منذ عام 1882م.

قلعة سانت أنجلو

تُعتبر قلعة سانت أنجلو من أشهر المعالم في إيطاليا، وقد جاء الأمر ببنائها خلال عام 123م، لتكون ضريحاً خاصاً للإمبراطور هادريان وأسرته، وكان حتُف تلك القلعة مُخالفاً لباقي الآثار الرومانية الأخرى التي انهارت مع الزمن وأصبحت أنقاضاً تُعبر عن تاريخ الماضي، حيثُ بقي الاهتمام بها وإعادة ترميمها لا سيما وأنها كانت تحتل مركزاً سياسياً بسبب موقعها الجغرافي المميّز على مقربة من كنيسة القديس بطرس في جهة المدخل الشمالي للمدينة، لتُصبح في الوقت الحالي متحفاً وطنياً يعكس تاريخاً يُقارب الألفي عام لروما يزوره العديد من السياح لمشاهدة أجمل اللوحات، والأثاث، والمنحوتات الفريدة من نوعها.

Egyptian Museum

يُعتبر المتحف المصري من أهم المناطق السياحية في إيطاليا، نظراً لقدمه حيثُ يُعدّ أقدم متحفٍ مصري في العالم، بعد متحف القاهرة، وكان محطّ اهتمام لعُلماء التاريخ مثل جان فرانسوا شامبليون الذي فكّ رموز حجر الرشيد، ويحتوي المتحف على مقتنيات أثرية مصرية تمّ الحصول عليها خلال القرون المُتعاقبة بالإضافة إلى الآثار الإيطالية التي يعود تاريخها بين (1900-1935)م.

معرض بورغيزي

يعدّ أحد أهم الأماكن السياحية في ايطاليا، فهو يحتوي على العديد من الأعمال الفنية العريقة والمتنوعة؛ كتلك اللوحات الفكرية العائدة لكارافاجيو وتيتيان، والمنحوتات الخاصة ببرنيني وكانوفا، ويقع هذا المعرض ضمن فيلا قديمة تعود للقرن التاسع عشر، وتتميز هذه الفيلا بهندستها المعمارية وتصاميمها المبهرة، بدءاً من الجبص الداخلي، والفسيفساء القديمة عالية الجودة، إلى تلك النقوش البارزة التي تحتويها؛ فقد تم تصميم هذا المكان من قِبل الكادرينال سكيون بورغيزي ليكون صرحاً ثقافياً جامعاً بين ثقافات العصر القديم والحديث، وطمح بورغيزي في جعل هذا المبنى جامعاً لعلوم أخرى كثيرة، فقد أراد بورغيزي جمع العديد من العلوم المختلفة كدراسة النباتات، والحيوانات، والمصادر الطبيعية، والتكنولوجيا.

متحف نابولي الوطني للآثار

يُعتبر متحف نابولي الوطني للآثار أحد أهم الأماكن السياحية في ايطاليا؛ وكان المتحف في الأصل مكاناً لإقامة مُنتسبي ما يُعرف بسلاح الفرسان، ثم اتخذته جامعة نابولي بعد ذلك مقراً لها، ويعود تاريخ إنشاء هذا المتحف إلى نهايات القرن الثامن عشر، عندما قام شارل ملك بوربون ببناء هذا المكان ليكون مكاناً يتم فيه حفظ الآثار التي ورثها الملك عن والدته إليزابيث فارنيزي، ويحتوي المتحف على العديد من العديد من القطع الأثرية والمنحوتات فضلاً عن القطع الفسيفسائية.

Other attractions

تحتوي إيطاليا على العديد من المعالم السياحية الأخرى، ومنها الآتي:

  • ميدان سان ماركو: تعدّ إحدى أكثر الساحات جذباً للزوار في مدينة البندقية؛ حيث تمتاز بفن العمارة التي يجمع بين أنماط متعددة كالفن المعماري القوطي، والكلاسيكي، والباروكي، فضلاً عن بعض اللمسات الآسيوية والشرق أوسطية، وتضج حركة المشاة في ميدان سان ماركو بهدف التسوق ومشاهدة العديد من المباني المحيطة به.
  • جسر بونتي فيكيو: يعدّ أحد أهم المعالم السياحية في إيطاليا؛ فهو واحد من أكثر المواقع جمالاً في مدينة فلورنسا، ويعود تاريخ هذا الجسر إلى القرون الوسطى وتحديداً في العام 1345م، ويُعتبر أول جسر يتم تشييده فوق نهر أرنو ليتم استخدامه كنظام للدفاع في ذلك الوقت، وتحتوي منطقة بونتي فيكيو على العديد من المتاجر المختلفة التي تنوع بين محلات بيع المجوهرات ومحلات بيع الممتلكات القديمة.
  • مدينة هركولانيوم: تعتبر مدينة هركولانيوم أحد أشهر الأماكن السياحية في ايطاليا، وقد تم تدمير هذه المدينة عندما اندلع بركان فيزوف في السنة 79 للميلاد، جنباً إلى مدينة بومبي اللتان كانتا من المدن الحيوية النابضة بالحياة عبر روما، وتُعتبر مدينة هركولانيوم إحدى المدن الساحلية الرومانية، التي احتلت مكانة مميزة أقل من نظيرتها بومبي ذات الموقع الاستراتيجي والكثافة السياحية الكبيرة وأول الأماكن التي تم اكتشافها بعد ثوران بركان فيزوف، فقد تم العثور على هذه المدينة في العام 1709م، وقد كان لاكتشافها أثر كبير في التأثير على الثقافة الأوروبية.
  • Trevi Fountain: يطلق عليها أيضاً اسم نافورة روما، وتُعد واحدة من أشهر الأماكن السياحية في ايطاليا، وقد تم تشييد هذا المَعلم على طراز الفن المعماري الباروكي ليكون أحد المناظر الرائعة الموجودة في المدينة، وبُنيت هذه النافورة فوق أحد المصادر المائية القديمة، ويبلغ ارتفاعها 26 متراً بينما يبلغ اتساعها 49 متراً، وقد قامت إحدى دور عرض الأزياء الفاخرة بترميم وصيانة هذه النافورة.
  • كهوف دي ماتيرا: وهي عبارة عن مساكن كهفية قديمة تقع في اقليم بازيليكاتا أحد الأقاليم الجنوبية لمدينة ايطاليا، وتحديداً في مدينة ماتيرا، وتعد أحد أشهر الأماكن السياحية في ايطاليا.
  • وادي المعابد: يُعتبر مايعرف بوادي المعابد أحد أهم المعالم السياحية الممتدة عبر دولة ايطاليا، ويحمل هذا الوادي بين جلباته مجموعة من المعابد ذات التصاميم الفريدة والمميزة التي تُعتبر من روائع الهندسة المعمارية عبر العالم أجمع.
  • كنيسة القديس فرنسيس الأسيزي: تُعتبر كنيسة القديس فرنسيس الأسيزي أحد أهم المعالم السياحية في ايطاليا، وقد تم بناء هذا المعلم التاريخي في العام 1228م تكريماً للقديس فرنسيس، وذلك بعد إعلان فرنسيس قديساً من قِبل البابا غريغوري التاسع، وجُعلت الكنيسة ضريحاً له، وذلك بناء على وصيته التي أبلغها لرفاقه وهو على فراش الموت.
  • جزيرة كابري: تُعتبر جزيرة كابري واحدة من أهم المعالم السياحية وأجملها في كامبانيا، بل إنها تُعد واحدة من أشهر هذه الأماكن على مستوى ايطاليا كاملة، وتمتاز هذه الجزيرة باحتوائها على العديد من المناظر الطبيعية والكهوف الصخرية، ولجمالها فإنها محط اهتمام الشعراء، والعشاق، والسياح، عبر تعاقب الزمن.
  • جزيرة إلبا: تنتمي جزيرة إلبا إلى سلسلة جزر توسكان، وتعد الأكبر بين هذه الجُزر، وتمتاز بسحر طبيعتها الخلاب والغني بالحياة الطبيعية المتنوعة، وهذا ما يُفسر سبب كونها بمثابة مختبر للعديد من الجيولوجيين وعلماء النبات، فضلاً عن أنها تُعد واحدة من أهم الاماكن السياحية في ايطاليا.
  • حديقة غران باراديسو الوطنية: تُعتبر حديقة غران باراديسو الوطنية أحد أهم الأماكن السياحية في دولة ايطاليا، وهي تمتد على مساحة جبلية عالية لما يُقارب 700كم،2 كما تحتوي على أجزاء من جبل غران باراديسو.
  • أوستيا أنتيكا: وهو متحف موجود ضمن أحد المباني التاريخية القديمة، ويمتاز المتحف ببناءه الكلاسيكي العصري، كما يحتوي المتحف على جزء منه يتم استخدامه كمكتبة، ويُعتبر أوستا أنتيكا أحد أهم معالم الجذب السياحي في ايطاليا.
  • المتحف الوطني للآثار: يقع المتحف الوطني للآثار في مدينة البندقية الايطالية، وهو أحد أهم المعالم السياحية في ايطاليا، ويحتوي هذا المعرض على العديد من الآثار التاريخية المهمة، فهو مكان لوجود أجمل التماثيل القديمة التي ترجع إلى جمهورية البندقية، بالإضافة إلى مجموعة متميزة من التماثيل اليونانية والرومانية، فضلاً عن بعض المعدات الأثرية القديمة الأخرى كالعملات، والتحف البرونزية، والأحجار الكريمة، والتحف؛ التي تعود إلى حضارات مختلفة كالآشوريين والبابليين والفراعنة.

Previous

Where is the Nammar valley located in Riyadh?

Search for the Seven Wonders of the World

Next

Leave a Comment