Table of Contents

The Nile River

The Nile River is the longest river in the world, and it is located in the African continent. The Nile River has two main tributaries, the Blue Nile and the White Nile, which originates from the Great Lakes region located in the middle of the continent. In Tanzania to Lake Victoria and then to the state of Uganda, then Sudan, while the Blue Nile starts from Lake Tana in Ethiopia to Sudan, where the White Nile meets the Blue Nile in the capital of Sudan, the city of Khartoum, and the length of the Nile River as a whole reaches about six thousand six hundred and fifty k A kilometer, it occupies an area of ​​3.4 million square kilometers, and passes through ten countries called the Nile Basin countries.

The economic importance of the Nile

The Nile River countries form a different and distinct geographical region, starting from the elevated areas in the south of the continent to the lower regions in the north of the continent, where the river runs from the south to the north in the continent, towards the tendency of the land, and to obtain great importance in the economy of the surrounding and overlooking countries Accordingly, and among the most important economic components of the River Nile are the following:

  • Agriculture: The Nile Basin countries depend on the water of this huge river to irrigate their crops and crops, as there are many agricultural areas in the areas surrounding the Nile, and crops that depend on its water include cotton, wheat, dates, legumes, sugar cane, and citrus.
  • Fishing: The Nile River contains many fish, which many surrounding countries depend on as a staple food and a source of livelihood. One of the most important water creatures that live in the Nile is the Nile crocodile, which is found abundantly along the Nile.
  • Tourism: Tourism is considered one of the most important economic features of the Nile, as Egypt and Sudan depend mainly on it for livelihood, by sailing tourists and visitors to the country through Feluka (known to them) between the third and fourth dam in the northern region of the State of Sudan, and between Juba and Kochi In the southern region of Sudan, as for Egypt, tourism is concentrated in Minya, Sohag, Aswan and Qena.

The Nile through history

Since the Nile River is characterized by huge potentials in all respects, it was and is still coveted by many countries, especially in the nineteenth century, where some of the countries of Europe controlled the countries of the Nile Basin in that century, and Britain established its hand over Egypt, Sudan, and Kenya And Uganda, while Germany occupied Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi, and Belgium took control of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and after the end of the First World War, the German Empire was divided between Belgium and Britain; consequently, Britain got Tanzania, and Rwanda and Burundi were the share of Belgium, and the only one that She was independent Ethiopian state, and in 1959 after the end of Britain’s control over Egypt and Sudan, it divided Alnaln river water was and still rejecting the Nile basin for this unjust division, which lasted from the days of colonial countries.

High Dam

The High Dam, or what is known as the Aswan Dam, is a dam located on the Nile River and it is one of the most important features of the Nile, and this dam was built during the rule of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, with the assistance of the Soviets, and the purpose of its construction was to control the flow of water that causes floods sometimes, and currently it is used The dam to generate electricity and supply the bed with it, the length of the dam reaches about three kilometers and six hundred meters, while the width of its base is nine hundred and eighty meters, and the width of its top reaches only forty meters, and the size of the dam reaches approximately forty three million cubic meters, including all the building materials that I used to create it.

The High Dam has many benefits at the level of the state and its cities; among these benefits is that it protects the Egyptian state from floods as it protects them from drought, and the dam worked to reclaim a lot of agricultural land because of the permanent availability of water, so that it allowed the possibility of growing crops that require a lot of water Like rice and sugar cane.

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