Table of Contents

The Umayyad Mosque

The Umayyad Mosque (in English: Umayyad mosque), which is located in the center of the old city of Damascus, is one of its most important features, as it has a rich history, due to the succession of different civilizations on it. It was established as a Romen temple in the first century AD after it was an Aramaic temple, then it soon became He converted to a church, because it contains a grave for Saint (John the Baptist), but he turned again to a mosque, and a church (in equal measure) after the Muslims entered it under the leadership of the Muslim leaders: Abu Ubaidah bin Al-Jarrah, Khaled bin Al-Walid, and eventually it was converted to a mosque in The era of the Umayyad state, at the hands of the caliph, the saint Dr. bin Abdul-Malik, who was interested in rebuilding it, reconstructing it, covering it with mosaics, reliefs, and adding minarets to it, in the year 86 AH; corresponding to the year 705 AD.

Old city of Damascus

Damascus Old City, which is considered a center of handicraft industries in the Middle Ages, and which has the title (Pearl of the East) was established in the third millennium BC, and it is thus considered one of the oldest cities in Syria, and one of its most important monuments, as the city contains Which is located in the southwestern part of Syria on approximately 125 memorials that represent several different historical eras, which explains that it is an amazing and wonderful mix between the present and the past, and makes it a suitable destination for tourists in all seasons of the year, especially in the spring and autumn seasons.

Dead or forgotten cities

The Dead Cities – which were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2011 – cover an area estimated at 122 square kilometers in the area between Aleppo and Idlib in Syria, where these cities represent 700 abandoned settlements. It is worth noting the belief that these cities were prosperous commercially, except that the invasions that were exposed to them affected the process of trade, which led to the abandonment of their residents to them, and their move to other places, and these cities include the remains of pagan temples, churches, and homes, such as: Ain Temple Darah, St. Simeon’s Church, and others.

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