The most important tourist attractions in Istanbul

المسافرون العرب


Istanbul was previously known by many names, namely: Constantinople, Byzantine, Astana, and Istanbul, which is the largest city in Turkey, and the second largest city in the world, with a population of 13.4 million people, and is characterized by being the economic, cultural, and financial center of Turkey, it must be noted Until it was chosen as the common capital of European culture in the year 2010 AD, because it contains many historical monuments that attract many visitors, and in this article we will introduce you to the most important tourist attractions in it.

The most important tourist attractions in Istanbul

The new mosque

It is the mosque that was built in the sixteenth century on the edge of the water near the Galata Bridge, and it is considered one of the mosques built by the Ottoman Sultans, and it is considered one of the most important monuments constructed in the famous neighborhood of Aminounu, and it is distinguished by its beautiful building that holds a spiritual and historical scent, where the outer part of it consists of A beautiful courtyard is surrounded by a dome of rocks, two fine minarets, in addition to a series of domes that descend from the central dome, on which many birds live, which they took as their residence, while from the inside it is an artistic painting decorated with marble and gold, stained glass, and turquoise tiles, It must be done The tram route, line T1, is one of the best ways to get there when disembarking at Eminonu Station.

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Aya Sofia

It is the greatest church in the era of the Byzantine Empire, where it is located in the Al-Fateh region, and its dome corresponds to the Mosque of Al-Sattan Ahmed, where it reaches fifty-six meters, and was converted to a mosque after the conquest of Constantinople, so four minarets were added to call people to prayer, then it turned into Museum at the hands of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey in the year 1935 AD, it must be noted that it contains many priceless Christian and Islamic treasures, as it is distinguished by its walls and floors covered in marble, and its paintings made of glossy mosaics, and surrounded by the dome of the Hagia Sophia forty Nets N colored glass, available charming lighting.

The High Gate Palace

The High Gate is located in the center of Istanbul, and it was built in the middle of the fifteenth century, as the center of government was in the Ottoman Empire from 1465 CE to 1853 CE, and it was used as an administrative center for the Ottoman Empire for 400 years, in which the Ottoman sultans lived, as it is characterized by a wide It is due to its inclusion in the Hagia Ireni Church, which is the only church that dates back to before the Ottoman rule, and it must be noted that it contains the Haramulik, which is the most popular feature of the palace, in addition to containing the royal treasury studded with jewelry, and also contains four courtyards of the palace, The fourth courtyard is the most beautiful.

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Chora Museum

The Chora Museum was previously a Byzantine church located in the south of the Golden Horn, and it was known as the Church of the Holy Savior, then it was converted into a mosque in the Ottoman era, then it turned into a museum in 1948 AD, and it is distinguished for its many artistic paintings and mosaics, as it is divided into Three main sections are: the entrance hall, the main body, the side chapel, and six domes.

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