Turkey is located in both continents of Europe and Asia, and there are approximately 3% of the country’s area in the southeast of Europe where Istanbul is located, and this part is called Thrace, while the rest of Turkey’s area from the east occupies a large part of a mountainous peninsula called Anatolia or Asia Minor.
Turkey shares its borders from the northwest with Bulgaria, from the west with Greece, with Iran and Georgia, and Azerbaijan from the east, and with Iraq and Syria from the south. There are also three water bodies between the region of Thrace and the region of Anatolia, often called the straits, which are: The Dardanelles, the Bosphorus, and the Sea of Marmara. Through these straits, Turkey regulates the movement of ships between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. These straits also played a major role in the history of Turkey.
The names of the cities of Turkey
There are 81 cities in Turkey, which are: Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, Adana, Adiyaman, Opia Karat Hissar, Ari, Amasya, Antalya, Artvin, Aydın, Balıkesir, Bilecik, Banjul, Batlis, Polo, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Sankiri, Chorum , Danizli, Diyarbakir, Edirne, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Gerson, Gomo Hana, Hakkari, Hatay, Isparta, Mersin, Kars, Kastamonu, Kirklareli, Kayseri, Kair Shahir, Kogali, Kogali, Kujali Malatya, Manisa, Kahraman, Mardin, Mola, Mush, Naf Shaheer, Negeda, Ordu, Rizeh, Sakarya and Sams N, Sirte, Sinop, Sivas, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tongli, Chanli Urfa, Ushak, Wan, Yozgat, Aksari, Zonguldak, Bayburt, Karaman, Kirkill, Batman, Shernak, Bartin, Ardhan, Agdir, Yalova, Karabuk , Ottoman and Duzji.
The most famous Turkish city
It is the largest city in Turkey, and its economic, tourism, social, and cultural capital is considered one of the historically important cities, due to its distinguished geographical location and its charming religious, cultural and natural position.
The total area of Istanbul is 5461 square kilometers. It is divided administratively into 39 municipalities, 27 of which constitute the central city. The city is located in the Marmara region in the northwestern part of Turkey, and it shares its northern borders with the Black Sea, and from the south with the Sea of Marmara, and from the east with two provinces Sakarya and Kocaeli, and from the west with the province of Tekirdag.
There are several landmarks in Istanbul that are historically world famous, such as Taksim Street and the adjacent Independence Square, and Istanbul has some ports that are important landmarks such as Yenikapi and Eminonu, and Istanbul is distinguished for its large mosques with an Ottoman character, such as the Sulaymaniyah Mosque, and Al Fateh, Sultan Ahmed and the Sheikh Zada Mosque. Popular museums are also popular in the city, such as the Tobi Kappi Museum called the High Gate, and the 1453 Panorama, which exemplifies using 3D technology the biography of opening the city.
It is the capital of Turkey, and the second largest city after Istanbul, and is considered the center of political and diplomatic activity, in addition to being an important industrial center, and its name dates back to Ancora; the name given by its Phoenicians rulers, as the city developed in their time about a thousand years before Christmas, as it was known Also in the name of Ankira.
Ankara occupies a position in the center of Turkey almost, and is considered part of the Anatolia region, and is characterized by its strategic location, as it is located at the meeting point of roads heading to various regions of Turkey, and rises above sea level 938 meters, and its winter is described as very cold, and it falls heavily in snow, and that Because of its high location, its summer is hot during the day and pleasant at night.
Ankara includes many monuments and landmarks, in which there is the corridor, the Roman columns road, the Roman theater, the Temple of Rome, and the historic Ankara cathedral, in addition to many Ottoman mosques, such as the Haji Bayram Mosque and the Aladdin Mosque, and the city also has two statues of the founder of the Turkish Republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, one of which is made of bronze, the other from marble, and there are more than 50 museums, including the Museum of Independence War, the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, the Ethnological Museum, in addition to the Opera House and many modern markets.
Izmir is one of the important tourist cities in Turkey, and it is called the jewel of the Aegean Sea, it occupies the third place in terms of population density after Ankara and Istanbul, and its port is one of the most active Turkish ports, and the area of Izmir is 734 thousand square kilometers, and the modern city consists of 11 population sectors. These include Shufa, Guzel Bahça, Buka and Konak, which is the historical center of the city.
The Mediterranean climate dominates Izmir, as the climate is characterized by drought, and the temperature exceeds 40 degrees Celsius. In winter, the weather is cold and rain with annual snowfall between December and January.
The name of the city dates back to the Greek word (S. Smyrna), which means (to Smyrna), which is the name given to the city by the Romans, and it remained popular in various international designations and in the English language, until the Turkish Parliament adopted the current name (Izmir) in 1930 and became known internationally. And the city includes a synagogue and the Museum of Greek population, in addition to the tomb of the Greek legend Tantalus, which was discovered in 1835 on the top of the famous Yemeni mountain, in addition to the presence of the marble clock tower, which dates back to the nineteenth century.
It is considered one of the largest provinces, located on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey, bordered to the north by the provinces of Balikesir, Konya, Izmir, and from the east by the province of Adana, and Antalya is considered a magnet for tourists and an international resort because of its development since the beginning of the seventies of the century Twenty.
Antalya consists of flat lands linking the sea to the base of the Taurus Mountains, which are protected by the cold northern winds. The city’s climate is similar to that of the Mediterranean Sea. It is hot and dry in summer, warm and rainy in winter. Temperatures vary between 15 and 28 degrees Celsius, and rise until they reach To 40 degrees in July and August.
In Antalya, natural baths, resorts, and beaches are distributed on the city’s coasts, and the Republic Square is the center of the old quarter, and around it are mosques, churches and religious schools. The city contains in its flanks many historical sites, such as the center of Kaleici, which is a historical tourist center consisting of a street between two rows of ancient Ottoman houses, and markets, hotels and restaurants are distributed, and inside Antalya many areas that include Ottoman, Seljuk and Roman ruins can be seen. And Greek, such as the walls of the ancient city, which includes the waste tower, the clock tower, the waste gate that was built in the second century AD during the reign of the Greek Emperor Hadrian, and the Islamic school of Carthae, which was built in 1250 AD by Prince Jalaluddin Carthay, in addition to The presence of museums, such as the Italy Museum and the Caleche Museum.
Video of Santa Claus Ottoman
Turkey is the country that millions love, but what does Santa Claus have to do with it? Watch the video to learn about the strangest things about it: