The Seven Wonders of the World and its Importance, man has been building a lot of archaeological sites for a long time, despite the lack of technology that helps him to achieve them, and 7 of them have been chosen to be characterized by wonders, and most of these landmarks are centered around the Mediterranean basin, and there are landmarks affected by disasters and the passage of time, And others have remained steadfast to this day, and during the following lines in the Arab travelers we will learn about the Seven Wonders of the World and their importance.
The Seven Wonders of the World and Their Importance
The pyramid of Khufu
It is one of the miracles of planning and construction, and it is the only wonder that has survived until now, it was built during the period from 2481-2550 BC in the Giza area, and they were registered at the UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Khufu built the Great Pyramid as a cemetery for himself and his family, and it took 20 years to build it, which is the highest building that was built in 3800 years, that is until the fourteenth century, and it is now 148 meters high after being exposed to erosion.
Scientists have suggested that the pyramid of Khufu was built during the flood of the Nile River, and it occupies an area of 13 acres, and 2 and a half million stone blocks were used to build it, and its total weight reaches about 6 million tons.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
It is one of the artifacts that were constructed in the air using a large number of stone pillars, in the year 600 BC, and it is likely that it was built in the city of Babylon, Iraq, which are graded gardens that include all types of ordinary trees and fruit trees, and the paved soil has helped to support the structure Babel Gardens which is built of burnt mud bricks.
It was said that King Nebuchadnezzar II was the one who built it to please his wife, and some scholars said that it was a strong earthquake that led to the collapse of the garden, its destruction and its transformation into ruins.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
It is one of the distinguished engineering wonders, and Ptolemy I ordered building it during the years 247-270 BC, to help the sailors reach the port of Alexandria, which is located on one of the outskirts of the Pharos Peninsula, and was the first lighthouse to be built in the ancient world.
It took about 40 years to build, and was designed by the Greek engineer Sostratus, which reached a height of 400 feet, and remained steadfast until it was destroyed by the earthquake in 1375 AD.
Giant Rhodes statue
Made by Greek sculptor Kars Charriz on Rhodes Island in 403 B.C., and it took 12 years until it was finished. It was built of bronze metal on an iron frame, and it represented the Greek sun god Helios, which is a figure holding a cross in one hand and a stove in the other. , And the statue had no trace after being destroyed by the earthquake.
It is the temple of the Greek gods Artemis (or Diana), and was built in 550 BC in Turkey, and it took nearly 200 years to build it, it was built of marble, and the length of the temple reached 115 meters and width 55 meters, and the height of one column of it reached 15 One meter later, a man called Herostratus burned down the temple, and parts of his columns are now in the italyn Museum.
The Mausoleus mausoleum is located in Bodrum, Turkey, and the Greek king Mossulus decided to build this mausoleum to be a cemetery for him and his wife after their death. The length of the mausoleum reached 45 meters, and the achievements of the king over him and his war victories were recorded through gold inscriptions engraved in it.
The shrine did not withstand natural disasters, as the building was cracked and the shrine was demolished, leaving only a few white stones scattered throughout the garden.
Statue of Zeus
It is one of the colossal sculptures that were carved on Mount Olympus, Greece in 450 BC, and was made by sculptor Rapidias to represent the Greek god Zeus.
The statue was 12 meters high and was made of wood that was clad in ivory and ornamented with gold. More than 2,500 years ago, the fire destroyed this statue and it no longer exists.