The country of Iran is located southwest of the continent of Asia, and it is a country with a mountainous nature, as it is a diverse race, and its capital is the city of Tehran, and is characterized by the presence of historical buildings with beautiful architecture, as well as the beauty of its nature and green gardens, and its strategic location, as it is one of the oil-rich countries Iran was known as Persia in the past.
Iran is bordered to the north by Azerbaijan, Armenia and Turkmenistan, the Caspian Sea, and to the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, while from the south it is bordered by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and on the west by Turkey and Iraq, and is located under its control and rule twelve islands in the Arabian Gulf region, and the Persian language is considered the primary language In Iran, as there are other languages used such as the Indo-European language, Alatia and Afro-Asiatic, and the Persian language is the language used in literature, journalism and science, and almost half of the population speaks this language.
Tourism in Iran
There are many reasons that make Iran a country that visitors from all over the world flock to, as it enjoys many stunning scenery, and it has many historical sites that are considered exceptional sites, in addition to civilization and its distinctive culture, and the nature of the population in their dealings with tourists Friendly, all of which made it a tourist destination for visitors from all over the world, where there are youth cafes, restaurants that serve Persian dishes in traditional ways and in a modern style also, and the Persian heritage dating back nearly 3,000 years is spread all over the country, and is considered an attraction Of Tourists too.
The best tourist places in Iran
Iran has amazing natural scenery and the presence of large areas covered by mountains, where you can take a trip to Dizin in the winter where there are Alps mountains for skiing, or go in the summer to Mount Damavand and Sapalan to practice mountain climbing,
Here is an overview of the most beautiful and best tourist places in Iran:
- Soltaniyeh: It is a wonderful example of Persian architecture, located in northwestern Iran, and where the tomb of the eighth Ilhani ruler is, and this shrine is considered an artistic masterpiece consisting of a building with eight ribs, surrounded on all sides by minarets, in addition to the turquoise dome that is 50 meters long.
- Shushtar Waterfalls: It is an engineering art based on an ancient hydraulic system consisting of dams, tunnels, bridges, basins and mills, and one of these channels still provides water to the city of Shushtar.
- Bisotun Tunnel: It is characterized by cuneiform inscriptions in three languages, and it was created on the orders of the Persian king in 521 BC.
- Boroujerdi-ha House: It is the home of the Kashan rug dealer, and it is used today as an organized hall for cultural heritage. The carpet industry is considered one of the most famous industries in Iran, and the Iranian carpet has a worldwide reputation.
- Ali Qapu Palace: Also known as the Great Entrance, it is found in Isfahan, which is composed of six floors, and was built during the reign of Shah Abbas I in the sixteenth century, and contains a red music hall with distinctive architecture.
- Borj-e Azadi: It was built in 1971 AD and is considered a symbol of the capital Tehran, and it was built by Engineer Hussein Amanat, under the guidance of the Queen of Iran Farah Pahlavi, to celebrate the 2,500th anniversary of the Persian Empire.
- Bagh-e Dolat Abad: Its classic design dates back to the eighteenth century, and it is divided into two parts, the outer part includes gardens, and the interior displays Iranian architecture.
- Jameh Mosque: It is located in Yazd, and this mosque belongs to the Timurid era, due to its architectural inscriptions and motifs, as the dome of the mosque contains arabesque motifs and patterns, and many verses of the Qur’an are written throughout the dome.
- Kordasht Bath: It is located in the city of Guelfa, northwestern Iran, and it was only the royal family who used it in the eighteenth century, before it was opened to the public.
- Niavaran Palace: This palace was the home of the Shah’s family, and it was built in the Qajar era.
- King Nasser Mosque (in English: Nasir al-Mulk Mosque): It is located in Shiraz, where the mosque contains the eastern and western bedrooms, and there is an altar of brick surrounded by twelve columns, in addition to the colored windows.
- Persepolis: It is the capital of the Achaemenid Empire, and it is characterized by the presence of the Achaemenid building that offers a unique model of architecture with its beautiful carvings and sculptures, and the gates that decorate the statues, in addition to the remains of palaces built in that period and included many halls that are distinguished by the wonderful character of the columns.
- Bam Castle: This castle is located in the desert, and it was destroyed by the earthquake that occurred in 2003 AD, but it was rebuilt and restored, and it occupied a distinguished position as a commercial site on the legendary silk road. The castle is characterized by an architectural nature of fences, towers and archaeological gates.
Tourism problems in Iran
There are a number of problems and obstacles that could limit tourism in Iran, and there may be an obstacle to the prosperity of tourism, including:
- There are many areas that are still unknown and clear to visitors.
- The scarcity of documentary films promoting tourist destinations in Iran, and that could contribute to increasing the number of tourists.
- The few strategies used to increase the number of tourists.