Tourist areas in Turkey

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Turkey

Tourist areas abound in the world, where each region is stained with a characteristic that distinguishes it, and places that attract people from everywhere, and on the Asian continent, the country of Turkey, which was founded in 1923 AD, has become a beautiful tourist place where people come to enjoy various areas that enjoy diversity in tourism. Whether natural or historical, and looking at the natural areas in it, it is considered a mountainous and coastal state, bordered on the north by the Black Sea, and on the northeastern side, its borders are shared with Georgia and Armenia, but from the eastern side it is bordered by Azerbaijan, Iran, From the southeast, it is bordered by Iraq and Syria, as it overlooks from the southwest, and the west over the Mediterranean, the Aegean Sea, and from the northwest it is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria. With regard to its climate, it is a diversified climate, where the Black Sea coasts are considered rainy, moderate in their degrees in winter, and hot in summer, while the Aegean coasts have a Mediterranean climate, and in the interior of Anatolia, the climate is characterized by a high continental temperature with temperatures. It is worth noting that the natural plants in Turkey are divided into two main types: the steppe grasslands located in Central Anatolia, in the valleys, and the basins in eastern Anatolia, and the second type is the forests that cover the rest of the country.

Tourist areas in Turkey

Istanbul

Istanbul is located between the Balkans, Anatolia, the Black Sea, and the Mediterranean, and it has a strategic location on the Bosphorus Peninsula, and its architectural buildings reflect the meeting of Europe and Asia, over many centuries, and the following are the main tourist attractions in Istanbul:

  • Suleiman Mosque: The mosque was designed by the famous architect Mimar Sinan, as it was built in 1557 AD on one of the seven hills of Sulaymaniyah, and it is a mosque characterized by its magnitude and simplicity, as it overlooks the Golden Horn, the Bosphorus strait, and is indicated by its four minarets, and its large dome, and the mosque is covered with a muhr Iznik, and the interior walls of the mosque are decorated with beautiful decorations.
  • Kadikoy Bazaar: It is one of the distinctive local markets in Istanbul, where fish, fruits, seasonal vegetables, fresh roasted nuts, pickles, honey and other items are offered that attract tourists to participate in shopping and experimenting with fresh products.
  • Aya Sofia: Hagia Sophia was built as a church in 537 AD by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, and in 1453 AD, the church was transformed into a mosque by Muhammad Al-Fateh; it is a historic building characterized by its magnificent architectural building and the momentum of aesthetic elements in it, where the building on the ground floor contains a main square topped by a dome Huge golden, as found on the main floor of the minbar, and the mihrab which were added later, while the upper floors contain distinct galleries.

Antalya

Antalya is located on the Mediterranean coast, specifically on the Gulf of Antalya, which is the largest coastal Turkish city, while the heart of the city is an ancient historical place with restored Ottoman buildings, winding lanes, and tourist attractions in Antalya:

  • Kaleiçi (in Turkish: Kaleiçi): It is a historical neighborhood characterized by its narrow lanes, and its buildings that are dominated by the character of the Ottoman architecture, which has been restored, and in this ancient neighborhood there is a statue of its founder, a clock tower, and the Mosque of Sicily, Muhammad Pasha, and is also found on the outskirts of the neighborhood a covered bazaar dating back to the 15th century AD. In the modern era, a new port has been added to the neighborhood, which is now used as a dock for yachts and pleasure boats.
  • Antalya Museum: This museum is 2 km west of the Kaleici district, and it is a museum that contains antiquities dating back to the stone, bronze and Byzantine times. The museum’s upper floor displays a variety of antique coins.

Marmaris

Marmaris receives nearly a quarter of a million tourists during the summer. It is a coastal city full of popular resorts that provide fun and relaxation for its pioneers. Here are some of the distinctive landmarks in it:

  • Old town: Tourists can wander the mountainous streets of the old town, and between the traditional buildings, away from the hustle and bustle of the beach. There is also the Eski Ibrahim Aga Kami Mosque in the heart of the city, which was built with its distinctive dome in 1789 AD.
  • Jinan Garden: It is a Chinese-style garden with ponds for calm waters and a restaurant.
  • Marmaris Castle and Museum: The castle was built in 1522 AD on top of a hill, and is now an archeological site that includes tombstones, statues, and archaeological walls surrounding the castle.

Trabzon

The city of Trabzon is located in the northeast of Turkey, on the southeastern shore of the Black Sea, and is surrounded by the high mountain range of Pontiac, and the city is decorated with areas of green forests, and among its most prominent features:

  • Ataturk Palace: Its construction dates back to the 19th century AD, when the palace was built for a wealthy Greek banking family, then the castle moved to Ataturk in 1924, and it is characterized by wonderful views, beautiful gardens, and its visitor can also see pictures, memorabilia of Ataturk, and a map drawn in the First World War.
  • Trabzon Museum: It built the museum in 1917 to a banker Greek note that the Ottoman took style architecture in the palace design, which is now a museum which displays artifacts of the Ottoman variety of coins and jewelry dating back to the Roman era, Byzantine, in addition to the bronze statue was found in 1997.

tourism in Turkey

Turkey is distinguished by the diversity of natural landscapes, climatic atmospheres in it, and the presence of unique geological phenomena in it, clean beaches, and thermal resorts. From the Anatolian Plateau, to the vast lakes of the Black Sea coast, through to the volcanic volcanoes in the central region, there are areas that allow tourists and tourism. The Environmental. As for cultural tourism, it is abundant in Turkey, as it has many archaeological and historical sites, as there are no fewer than 7 sites listed in the UNESCO World Heritage List, including many historical sites in Istanbul, in addition to the archeological site of Troy. It is worth noting that domestic tourism thrives in Turkey, as the Turkish citizen spends 8.2% of personal income on travel and tourism, which are mostly domestic tourism, and the tourist season is also active in the summer seasons, as the number of tourists reached 10.4 million visitors in 2000 , Note that this number began to increase until it reached 36.2 million visitors in 2015AD, then it decreased to 32.4 million visitors in 2020AD, and it is expected that the number will reach 40 million visitors in 2020AD.

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