Turkey (English: Turkey), officially the Republic of Turkey (English: Republic of Turkey), is a country located between the continents of Asia and Europe, overlooking the Mediterranean Sea from the south, and the Black Sea from the north, and thus enjoys a distinctive strategic location extending over an area of 783,562 km2 . Turkey is one of the most technologically and economically advanced and modern countries in the modern era. Turkey was able to build a strong republic in the aftermath of the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1923 AD, which stood on its soil for a long period of time, and was able to make significant progress on the political side.
tourism in Turkey
Turkey is famous for being one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, where tourists flock to see the natural scenery, monuments and history that the country enjoys, and the tourism sector is one of the most important sectors on which the Turkish economy depends. In the second quarter of 2020, the value of the return from the tourism sector 5,413,480,000 dollars, while the expenditure rate per person reached 611 dollars, while the number of visitors reached 8,863,391 people in the same period.
Turkey’s tourist cities
Istanbul (English: Istanbul) is the heart of the Turkish Republic and its economic, tourist and cultural center, and although it is not the capital, it has a distinctive position among the Turkish cities. Istanbul has a long history spanning thousands of years, and the city has been named by several names, such as: Constantinople, Byzantium, Astana, and Islambol, and Istanbul is the largest Turkish city, with an area of 5,461 km2, while its population reaches 14,804,116 people, or 18.5% of the total population Turkey. Istanbul is located in the northwest of Turkey, and belongs to the Marmara region, overlooking the Black Sea from the north, and the Sea of Marmara from the south.
Istanbul has many historical and religious monuments that have made it the most prominent tourist destination among Turkish cities, and one of the tourist areas in Istanbul is Taksim Square, and Istiklal Street, as there are several picturesque maritime ports, such as: Aminono Port and Winni Kabi, and religious places are famous Istanbul with Masjah based on the Ottoman method, such as: Suleymaniye Mosque, Abu Ayoub Al-Ansari Mosque, and Sultan Ahmed and Al-Fateh Mosque, as it is located in Istanbul Hagia Sophia, and it is one of the most famous churches that turned into a mosque and then into a museum, as well as in Turkey 1453 Panorama Museum which narrates a story City the Open three-dimensional technology.
Bodrum is a small coastal city, located in southwestern Turkey, 900 km from Istanbul, overlooking the Mediterranean coast. Bodrum has a picturesque coastal port, and is famous for its warm beaches. Tourists intend to swim on its beaches and enjoy the natural scenery in it. Bodrum is characterized by white buildings carved in green mountains, and one of the names that the city is famous for is “The Pearl of Turkey”. Bodrum has a long history, as it is the birthplace of the Greek historian Herodotus, in which the castle of St. Peter is located, and it also contains the Palace of “Saint Pierre”, and there is a huge Roman theater also.
The city of Trabzon
The city of Trabzon (English: Trabzon) is located in the northeast of Turkey to the east of the Black Sea, and away from Istanbul 1069 km, and is the second largest city in the Black Sea region, and has a population of 300,000 people. The city of Trabzon is distinguished by its picturesque nature, its tall green mountains, and its vast forests, along with its lakes, waterfalls, and rivers. Among the most prominent natural monuments in Trabzon are the Castle River and the Sierra River, along with 10 other rivers, and Uzungol Lake along with 3 other lakes, among other monuments. Hagia Sophia Museum, Constantine Church, Al-Fatih Mosque, and other landmarks.
The city of Antalya
The city of Antalya (English: Antalya) is located in southern Turkey, overlooking the Mediterranean coast. The city has a picturesque nature because of its location between the Taurus Mountains and the shores of the Mediterranean, so it combines the beauty of nature and the beauty of the coast. Antalya includes many tourist places worth visiting, most notably the city of Olympus, the Kemer region, and Alanya, which has beaches that span 100 km, and the competitions that enjoy the picturesque river and lake, and Kikova with clear water. There are also other landmarks in Antalya, such as: Ataturk Park, Theme Park, Antalya Museum and Water Museum.
The city of Izmir
Izmir is located in the far west of Turkey, overlooking the Aegean Sea, and away from Istanbul, 9 hours by road and an hour by air. Izmir is distinguished by an international trade fair that remains throughout the year, making it an important commercial center. The city also contains 9 universities, and other tourist attractions are the remains of the city of Agora dating back to the Greek era, and the Izmir Archaeological Museum that displays the civilizations that passed through the city, and Qadifa Castle Built by Alexander, the Mosque of Hasar, built according to the Ottoman style and located on the coast, the ancient city of Avs, which is a Greek city dating back to the year 6000 BC, and the historical Greek city of Bergama, the coastal region of Chashma, and others.
The city of Bursa (English: Bursa) is located in northwestern Turkey, in the south of the Marmara Region, and mediates the cities of Istanbul and Ankara, and overlooks the coast of the Sea of Marmara. Bursa is the fourth largest Turkish city in terms of population, with a population of 1.7 million. Bursa is distinguished by being an important industrial center in Turkey, where the auto industry thrives, and Bursa is also an important tourist center due to its picturesque nature and its landmarks. One of the most prominent tourist attractions in Bursa is the high-rise Uludag mountain, which is famous for skiing, and many cities are also popular in the city. Among the historical Ottoman and Greek monuments, also important parks, gardens, forests and broad green plains, as well as an archaeological museum.
The city of Marmaris
Marmaris (English: Marmaris) is a peninsula located in southwestern Turkey, in the state of Mugla in the Turkish Riviera, overlooking the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and away from Istanbul about 785 km. Marmaris is known for its relaxing atmosphere, and includes many tourist attractions, in addition to the historical monuments, among the most prominent of which are the island of Paradise, where the Nimara Cave, which dates back to the Greek era, was a temple of the Greek gods Leto, and other landmarks in Marmaris are a famous castle and bridge Kazilay and the Mosque of Ibrahim Aga.