Definition of tourism
Tourism (English: Tourism) is a term given to the process of moving people from one place to another, and includes activities carried out by people who are called visitors, who are those who travel for a period not exceeding a year; to perform a major purpose, and for tourism of different types and forms, including Educational, therapeutic, sports, health, and practical tourism exceeds the idea of travel for leisure only, and the importance of tourism lies in its economic and social returns; it contributes to driving economic development, supporting business, and also contributes to connecting cultures and societies. A, knowledge and dissemination around within other communities.
Types of tourism by location
International or foreign tourism (English: International Tourism) is tourism that means individuals traveling outside the borders of the state and entering the borders of another country, and this type of tourism needs entry and exit visas from countries, the use of a passport, in addition to transferring currencies to the currencies of the countries visited in If there is a difference between them, and this type of tourism requires the tourist to learn the customs of the country that he is visiting, its traditions, and its culture, in order to avoid falling into embarrassing situations, or inadvertently harming the other culture.
International tourism is divided into outbound tourism and incoming tourism. The outbound tourism includes people traveling from one country to another, and incoming tourism includes people coming from one country to another.
Domestic tourism is tourism that means the movement of individuals within the borders of their country and visiting the tourist places in it, and this means that they do not need a visa to enter a country, and the need not to use their own passports, nor convert their currency into another currency, and it may be The duration of domestic tourism is one day or more, and one of the benefits of internal tourism is that it has positive effects on the internal economy of the state, by supporting the existing business in it, and this tourism may be easier because of the tourists’ knowledge of the laws, language, and customs of their country.
Types of tourism by activity
Adventure Tourism (English: Adventure Tourism) is tourism based on an entertainment activity, which includes physical activity, the destination is unusual, strange, remote, or wild, and is associated with high levels of participation and activity by visitors, most of which take place in the open air. These adventurers are explorers of the outside world, especially the unspoiled, inhabited, or alien parts, as explorers challenge their capabilities, challenge themselves, and their own self-driving power, and travelers need adventures for special tools and a strong qualification to go into these adventures.
Cultural Tourism (English: Cultural Tourism) is tourism based on visiting other cultures, learning about their own customs and traditions, integrating with different societies, exchanging information about different cultures around the world, enhancing its culture and distinguishing it between global societies. According to the World Tourism Organization, cultural tourism makes up 37% of the total global tourism, and is expected to continue to grow by 15% each year.
Religious Tourism (English: Religious Tourism) is tourism based on visiting religious places for specific religions, and learning about holy places that carry religious meanings for people who embrace that religion. Religious tourism needs to prepare places to receive tourists, facilitate transportation and residence in places where there are religious tourist attractions, and religious tourism has two types: pilgrim tourism and religious tourist trips, with the aim of knowledge and religious religious knowledge.
Medical Tourism is travel-based tourism to a specific place; to receive treatment for a disease, health care, dental care, or to undergo surgeries, perhaps not available for treatment or treatment in the country where the person resides, or research For better treatment in terms of quality, price, or travel to stay in a healthy environment appropriate to the patient’s condition.
There is a type of medical tourism, which is an internal medical tourism that means people traveling within the borders of the same country to receive treatment and health care in a region where there are hospitals and health centers that are better qualified. Medical tourism also includes travel to receive treatment from the natural sources present in a country from sulfur or salt water, hot sand, marine mud, or others.
Ecotourism is tourism that is responsible for travel to the natural areas that preserve the environment and preserve the well-being of the local people in it. Ecotourism aims to educate tourists and employees – alike – about the environment and nature, and seeks to protect the environment, Preserving local communities, and promoting sustainable travel. Ecotourism is based on the principle of building environmental and cultural awareness and respect, generating financial assistance for each of the local residents, and the private industry located in the area they visit, providing direct financial benefits for preserving the environment, and designing low-impact facilities on the environment, building, and operating them.
Heritage Tourism is travel-based tourism to learn about the history of a civilization that has arisen in a specific place or country, see historical monuments and relics belonging to specific civilizations, learn historical stories about people and places in those countries, and help historical tourism to Bringing people closer to civilizations and history, giving them an opportunity to see history more closely, and to know history in a more realistic and real way.
Food and drink tourism
Food and drink tourism (English: Culinary Tourism) is travel-based tourism; to experience food specific to a specific culture or country, or to learn how to prepare it, or to buy it, experiment with the original taste of food from the mother country, and taste food directly and from its original sources fresh, without the need Due to its freezing and transportation, which means losing it a large part of its original taste.
Sports Tourism (English: Sports Tourism) is a travel-based tourism to enjoy watching different sports, or attending games of the game directly and directly in the stadium where they are held, or attending huge sporting events and events taking place at the world level, such as: attending the World Cup, Or the Olympic Games, or a popular sporting league, and this type of tourism has started to spread in recent times because of the people’s love and affection for watching the sporting events of their favorite teams.
Natural and rural tourism
Natural and rural tourism (English: Rural Tourism) is tourism based on the performance of tourist activities, developing a rural and natural area, and stimulating all aspects of the countryside from natural and other landscapes. Among the benefits of rural and natural tourism is that it stimulates the links between social and economic contexts, and strengthens the connections and interactions between local activities and characteristics, and contributes to sustainable local development, and there are many types of natural and rural tourism, including: agricultural tourism, rural, land and others.
Educational tourism (English: Educational Tourism) is a travel-based tourism; to obtain an educational certificate about Arab travelers appointed by a specific educational institution, or to acquire the necessary expertise and skills in a specific field, educational tourism also includes travel to attend conferences, training courses, and workshops that It contributes to developing people’s experiences, enhancing their knowledge in their field of work or study, and continuously advancing the process of self-improvement.
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