What are the Seven Wonders of the World?

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The Seven Wonders of the World What is a collection of old buildings and structures of a classic style, mentioned in many references to guide tourism among the ancient Greeks between the first and second centuries AD.
The identification of the wonders of the world is due to seven wonders because of that number of sanctity at that time in practicing magic rituals and religious rituals, and the most famous pamphlets that are composed in this regard are a booklet (Antipater Al-Sidawi), and (Failon Al-Byzanti) and it includes archaeological wonders in the basin area The Mediterranean, we talk about in detail about Arab travelers.

What are the Seven Wonders of the World?

The idea of ​​recording the Seven Wonders of the World and writing them down in a book that is not new. Herodotus, the Greek historian, was famous in the fifth century B.C., and he was named the father of history. In the following paragraph, we present the ancient Seven Wonders of the World:

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

  • In an attempt to satisfy his wife, the Babylonian king (Nebuchadnezzar II) created the hanging gardens of Babylon where his wife could not live in Babylon and yearn to return to the hills of Persia in Iran, and that was in the year (600 BC), and she was surrounded by a group of wonderfully made terraces related to All of them are by marble stairs, which are seventy five meters high.
  • The gardens have basins made of stones. They also include flowers and trees that draw water from the water bodies that derive their water from the Euphrates River in Iraq. There is no trace left in our time so there is a belief that it is a myth and not a reality.

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The Pyramid of Giza and the Temple of Artemis

The Pyramid of Giza

  • It is the largest of the three pyramids, attributed to King Khufu, Pharaoh of Egypt, and it is one of the wonders that still exist to this day without being altered or damaged, and the reason behind it is considered one of the wonders of its high altitude, splendor, and ingenuity of its construction.
  • The height of all sides of the pyramid is (231 meters), and the weight of each of its stones is (2.5 tons), and its full weight equals six million tons.
  • Khufu, upon assuming power in 2551 BC, ordered the construction of the pyramid as his cemetery upon his death, and it took at least twenty years to build it.

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Temple of Artemis

  • It is a building that was established in (550 BC) in Turkey. It was built by Crisferon, the architectural designer and his son, Maitagnais, where a temple was built of pure marble and brick. Its roof was made in the middle of the statue of the Greek goddess (Artemis).
  • The temple was said to have been burned in (356 BC) on the day Alexander the Macedonian was born, and then another similar one was built for him but it was also burned at the hands of the Ostrogoths in 262 BC and little remains Of its impact.

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Statue of Rhodes and Mausoleus Mausoleum

Rhodes Statue

  • It is located at the entrance to the port of Mandraki, in north-eastern Greece. The city’s residents built it as an expression of their appreciation to the sun god, to help them win the Great War, and that was in the year (280 BC).
  • It was made of iron-reinforced bronze, and sixty years after its construction, it was struck by an earthquake and was not restored again.

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Mausolus Mausoleum

It was built in (353 BC) by order of Artemis’ husband to prepare it as a shrine for him to be buried in it, and its location is Turkey, and the Greek Mausole Mausoleum was greatly admired at the time, and it was demolished as a result of a violent earthquake and the rest of it was used to build a castle .
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Zeus and Alexandria Lighthouse Statue

Statue of Zeus

  • It is attributed to the great Greek gods who survived the oppression of his father after killing his four brothers. He was decorated with ivory and gold, and is about forty meters long. It was built by the Greek sculptor Phidias at the top of Olympus in Olympia, which is known as Turkey in the current era.
  • When the Romans burned the city, the statue was transferred to a temple in Constantinople, and the last news of it that it was burned in (462 AD).

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Lighthouse of Alexandria

  • The first lighthouse in history during the reign of Ptolemy II in the year (270 BC) was built by the architectural designer Sostratus on the borders of the Pharos Peninsula, and it is the same site where the Qaitbay Fortress presently built in Alexandria in Egypt, and a successive group of earthquakes caused Destroy them.

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What are the seven natural wonders of the world

There is a group of wonders known as the seven natural wonders of the world, due to their existence without human interference, and they are:

  • Halong Bay located in Vietnam.
  • Puerto Princesa River, Philippines.
  • Mount Tabil, South Africa.
  • Jeju Province, South Korea.
  • The Amazon River running between Peru, Colombia and Brazil.
  • Iguazu Falls, Argentina and Brazil.
  • Komdo National Park, Indonesia.

There is also a group of wonders found in the modern era known as the Seven New Wonders of the World, namely (the Great Wall of China in China, the Jordanian city of Petra, Jordan, the Italian Coliseum, Machu Picchu in Peru, the Taj Mahal in India, the statue of the Redeemer in Brazil, and also the old Mexican document that dates back To the reign of the Mayan Chichen Itza).

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