Table of Contents
- The seven wonders of the ancient world
- The Seven New Wonders of the World
The seven wonders of the ancient world
The Great Pyramid
The Great Pyramid is located in Giza Governorate, and was built in the time period between 2584 BC – 2561 BC, and it belongs to one of the Egyptian pharaohs, the Pharaoh Khufu, and remained the longest human-made structure for nearly four thousand years.
Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Babylon’s hanging gardens were built if they were originally found in the era of Governor Nebuchadnezzar II, in the time period between 605 – 562 BC; as a gift to his wife, and described by the ancient writer Diodorus Siculus as containing strange animals, and a group of plants that reach a height of about 23 A.D., and there is a sharp contention over these gardens and the reality of their existence, due to the lack of any information about them in the ancient history of Babylon.
Lighthouse of Alexandria
The lighthouse of Alexandria was considered one of the longest landmarks that humans have built for centuries, and it was also called the Pharos of Alexandria, and was built in the third century BC during the rule of the Ptolemaic Kingdom, and its height ranges between about 118 m-137 AD, and the lighthouse was used to help ships and boats during sailing to and from The Nile River Port.
Statue of Zeus
The Greek sculptor Phidias built the statue of Zeus in the fifth century BC, and this statue depicts the god Zeus, where his body was carved from ivory.
The statue was built between 292-280 BC, and it is a statue of the pastor deity Helios of Rhodes Island, and this statue survived for 56 years until it was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 BC.
The Mausoleus mausoleum was built between 353 BC – 350 BC, and it belongs to Mossulus, a ruler of the Persian provinces, at a height of approximately 45 meters.
Temple of Artemis
The Temple of Artemis is located in the city of Ephesus, one of the ancient Greek colonies in Asia Minor. Its construction continued for nearly 120 years, and it ended in 550 BC. The height of the temple reached approximately 129 m, and its width reached approximately 69 m. The amazing buildings at that time, and the temple was burned in the year 356 BC and rebuilt again, then destroyed after the Goths attack on the city, and was rebuilt again, until it was completely destroyed by a Christian crowd in 401 AD.
The Seven New Wonders of the World
Great Wall of China
It is a wall built to protect and defend China from the invasions launched by the Huns, Mongols, and other tribes. Work began on its construction in the seventh century BC, and it took hundreds of years to complete it, and its length reaches 6,694 km, and is characterized by being the longest man-made wall, It is also the only building that can be seen from space.
The city of Petra is located in the south of Jordan, called the Rose City, and it is characterized by a picturesque urban art carved in the rocks, and this city was ancient capital of the Nabataeans, who built it in the year 312 BC, and was a major center of trade because of its location near local trade routes, and the city remained Known to the West until its discovery by Swiss traveler and historian Johan Ludwik Berckhart in 1812 AD, it is worth noting that the city was built during the reign of King Arietas IV.
Christ the Redeemer Statue
This statue is located on the highest summit of Mount Corcovado in Rio, Brazil, and its height is 38 meters. It took about 5 years to build. It was established in France by the French sculptor Paul Landowski. Then it was shipped to Brazil in the form of separate pieces. It was carried over the mountain by train, and it was collected after That over the mountain.
Machu Picchu is located in Peru, in Cuzco, next to the Urubamba River. Its history dates back to the fifteenth century AD, and is characterized by being built in the classic Inca nature. 2340 meters above sea level, where it was built for the ruler of the Inca Pacchakute in the year 1450 AD, and was discovered by the American explorer Hiram Bingham in the year 1911 AD.
Chichen Itza Pyramids
The Chichen Itza pyramids are located in Mexico, where they were considered as the center of the ancient Mayan civilization that existed at that time, and the structures of Chichen Itza still exist, including the Cululcan Pyramid, where it was built between the ninth and twelfth centuries AD, to be used as a distance to the god Kukulcan, and the height of the temple is 24 meters, In addition to 6 meters to the temple.
The Coliseum is located in the center of Rome, Italy, to the east of the Romen Forum, and was built of concrete and sand in the year 80 AD, and it was called the Flavian Amphitheater in Latin because it is related to the dynasty of the Flavian Emperors who built this great amphitheater.
The Taj Mahal was built in India between the years 1631 AD and 1653 CE by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan who built it to commemorate his deceased wife who loved him in great love and it is an excellent place.