Iraq is located in the southwest of the continent of Asia in the Middle East region on an area of approximately 438.317 km2, and it forms the northern part of the Arab world, bordered to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the west by Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria, and to the south by Kuwait, its capital is Baghdad, and the number Its population is about 36.42 million, according to 2015 statistics, and its official currency is the Iraqi dinar, which is issued by the Central Bank of Iraq.
Climate in Iraq
- Mediterranean climate: It is the climate prevailing in the mountainous region in the northeast of Iraq, and the climate is characterized by cold winters and mild summers.
- Steppe climate: It is a transitional climate between the hot desert climate in the south and the mountainous northern region.
- Hot desert climate: It includes about 70% of Iraq, and it is characterized by a great thermal extent between day and night, and warm weather in summer and winter.
What Iraq is famous for
- It is famous for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: The rivers are one of the main tributaries in Iraq from fresh water resources, and the rivers originate from the Taurus Mountains in eastern Turkey, and pass through Syria and then Iraq.
- It is famous for its oil fields: Whereas, in Iraq, especially in the governorates of Kirkuk and Basra, are oil-rich regions, and according to 2015 estimates, Iraq produces about three million barrels per day, and is ranked eighth globally in terms of oil production.
- It is famous for its natural gas fields: It ranks 32nd globally in terms of natural gas production, and 10th in the world in terms of natural gas reserves.
- It is famous for its agricultural wealth: In particular, the cultivation of palm trees that spread in the central and southern governorates, and in 2015 the number of palm trees reached about 21 million palm trees.
The most famous historical cities of Iraq and archaeological sites
The number of archaeological sites in Iraq is more than 12,000 sites, most of which include traces of different periods of time, and the following are the most prominent archeological cities and places in Iraq:Read:5 cheapest Kuwait hotels for 2022 recommended families
Ur is an archaeological site belonging to one of the Sumerian cities, where Ur was the capital of the Sumerians, and is famous for the zakora; and they are temples of the gods in the Sumerian myths built in a listed way, consisting of more than one layer, and between 1922 and 1934 AD, many royal tombs were discovered in the city, and there are many From the effects of the city in the museums of France and Britain.
Nimrod is located in the south of Mosul, and Nimrod is the current name of the ancient Assyrian city Kaleh, where Nimrod was the second capital of the Assyrians, in which there are three royal tombs that contain different treasures discovered in 1980 AD, as there are winged bull figures and the remains of the palace of Assyria Nasser Pal II, and there are many traces of The city is in the museums of Britain.
Nippur or Nevar is located south of Baghdad, it was the religious capital of the Babylonians and Sumerians, and it was subject to the rule of many different dynasties: among them: the Assyrians, the Acadians, and the Sumerians. Earthy Hill.Read:Top 5 family chalets in Kuwait Recommended 2022
The remains of the city of Essen are located south of the city of Afak. The city witnessed the rule of various dynasties, such as: the first Essen dynasty, the Babylonians, and the Sumerians. The city contains many cuneiform tablets and artifacts dating back to the time of King Nebuchadnezzar II.Read:The 4 best activities in Burj Al Hamra, Kuwait
Babylon is located south of Baghdad, and it means in the Akkadian language Bab al-Ilah, the effects of which were discovered between the years 1899 -1917 AD, and among the most famous kings of Nebuchadnezzar II of the Chaldeans, and Hamorabi of the Amorites, and the city includes many monuments; the most famous of which are: the ruins of hanging gardens, the Temple of Nenmakh, and the palace Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonian Theater, the Big Stone Lion of Babylon, the Street Procession, and the Ishtar Gate preserved in the Berlin Museum in Germany.
Nineveh is an Assyrian city located to the north of Baghdad, in which the King Sennacherib palace is located, and drawings carved on stone, the palace of Assyria Nasser Pal II, and many monuments dating back to the third millennium BC, and it contains a fence of more than 12 km in length, and also found six entrances to the city .