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Oran is one of the cities of Algeria, the second largest city in terms of population, and the fourth in the Arab Maghreb, with a population of approximately one million (according to statistics in 2010), and the origin of most of its inhabitants is Berber. Oran is located in the far west of Algeria and overlooks the coasts of the Mediterranean Sea, and is considered the capital of the western region of Algeria, due to its strategic strategic location of internal trade routes between the cities of Algeria, as well as foreign trade routes with southern European countries such as Spain and France, which made it an important commercial center throughout history. . Among the most famous of what the city is called Oran Bahia.
Oran dates back to the ancient centuries, where it was founded by Andalusians and Moroccans in the tenth century AD. The city fell under occuAl Bahahn by many parties. In 1509 CE, the Spanish conquered it, and in 1792 AD the Ottomans expelled them, and the Ottomans continued to rule it until the French occupied it in 1838 AD, then it got rid of the French rule in 1962 AD when Algeria became completely independent. The accounts differed as to why Oran was named by this name. Some of them indicate that the name of Oran is the meaning of the word lion, including what indicates that the name was originally Berber, and returns to Wadi Haran, or to the Black Atlas that lived in the region.
The most famous landmarks in Oran
The city of Oran includes many famous monuments dating back to different eras, and they reflect the ancient history that the city contains. Among the most prominent of these are:
- The regional theater in OranIt is a cultural monument that is characterized by Oran, and it is located on the first of November Street, and it is considered one of the largest theaters in Oran, Algeria, and the regional theater is characterized by huge halls and halls, where the building can accommodate 600 chairs, and is designed according to the European style.
- Oran CathedralThe Oran cathedral is located on Hammu Potlelis Street, and is characterized in its design and construction by factors of Romen and Byzantine architecture, with the decoration of an oriental character. This cathedral was once a center for Christians in Oran, and is now considered a public library.
- Great Oran TempleThere is a temple of Oran – or what is now called the Abdullah bin Salam Mosque – on the Mohammed Baghdadi Street in Oran, and the temple belonged to the Jews. The building, where the stones were brought from Jerusalem. After the independence of Algeria, the temple was converted into a mosque.
- Santa Cruz Castle: The castle is located on the highest mountain in Oran, and it is called the El Marjajou Mountain. The castle was built by the Romens, as the castle is now preserved in shape due to its privileged location. When the visitor visits Santa Cruz fortress, he will see the Mediterranean Sea, and all parts of the city of Oran, which is considered a jewel, and the Durrat of the Mediterranean.
- First November Square: The Square of the 1st of November is the heart of the city of Oran and the lifeblood of it. The Square was created on the first of November in honor of the martyrs of the famous Algerian revolution that regained the freedom of Algeria from the French. On the 1st of November Square there is the Regional Theater and Oran Municipal Building.
- Bey PalaceThe palace of Bey is located in Moftah Koueider Street in Oran, and the palace was built by order of Bey Mohamed Kabir, one of the princes of Algeria in the seventeenth century. The palace is now considered a suitable place for rest and recreation, and is a tourist attraction for tourists to visit.
- Santa Cruz Church: It is one of the famous churches in Oran, and is considered an important religious landmark in Algeria. The church is located in the heart of the city of Oran, and overlooks the entire city and the bay in which it is located.
- Oran train stationThe station was built during the French rule, and the station’s structure is famous for its collection of the symbols of the three monotheistic religions. The shape of the outer perimeter suggests the shape of a mosque. Its clock takes the form of a minaret. The windows, doors and windows, and the dome ceiling contain the Star of David. The building contains interior panels with a Catholic cross.
The most famous characters from Oran
Oran is the birthplace of a number of influential personalities who helped write history. Among the most prominent of these figures:
- Ahmed ZabanaHe is the first Algerian martyr executed by the French occuAl Bahahn in 1957. His name is Ahmed Zahhana, and he was born in 1926 AD. Zabana was a brave fighter, who carried out a number of operations against the occuAl Bahahn. The first is the Lamardu operation in 1954 AD, and the second is the Battle of Bujlida, which he carried out ten days after the first operation. After his execution, she carried out several guerrilla operations in Algeria against the French occuAl Bahahn.
- Shab KhalidHe is Khaled Haj Haj Ibrahim, and he is the most famous artist who sings the art of rai until he was called the official king of rai. Cheb Khaled was born in Algeria in the city of Oran in 1960 AD, and through his beautiful art he managed to communicate the Algerian song to the world with its families, and to introduce the different generations to the art of rai, which was famous among the youth and the Algerian street only.
The most famous food in Oran
Oran is characterized by a very delicious cuisine; it includes many dishes that contain the fragrant history that passed through the city. Among the most prominent of these dishes:
- The Kontika: It is a famous historical pyramid dish, dating back to the sixteenth century AD, invented by the Spanish during their siege in Fort Santa Cruz, and as a result of running out of supplies, the Spanish were forced to use the remaining chickpeas and flour and cook them with water, salt and oil; since that time, the eaters in the city became famous And residents of Oran still take it today.
- Paella: The origins of this dish are attributed to the Spanish occuAl Bahahn that was in the city, and the name Paella comes from the word “rest” in Arabic; Rice is the most prominent component of this dish, and some fish or shellfish, or chicken and meat are added to it if available.
- LamonaIt is a very popular type of dessert in Oran, and its origin dates back to the sixteenth century AD. During the Spanish occuAl Bahahn of Oran, the Spanish kings put unwanted people in a building around which the monkeys exist (called the Lamon fort), and the prisoners ’families brought them cakes, and they passed it between Bars, so this cake was named Lamona.