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Somalia or the so-called democratic Somalia, which is a country located in the Horn of Africa in eastern Africa, bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya to the southwest, the Indian Ocean, the Gulf of Aden to the north, and Ethiopia to the west, as it is considered Somalia’s maritime borders are the longest borders on the continent of Africa, and the most important characteristic of the country is the diversity of its plateaux, mountain plains and highlands, and the hot desert climate prevails throughout the year with some monsoons blowing and irregular rainfall over them.
What is Somalia famous for?
Somalia’s exports and natural resources
Somalia is famous for the availability of natural resources in it, as it has a large amount of natural gas and oil reserves, in addition to that it is rich in iron, gypsum, tin, copper, and salt, and agriculture in Somalia is characterized as one of the largest economic fields, where it is known for the presence of huge animal wealth in it. Among the most important exports are meat, fish, and agricultural products, in addition to sugar, bananas, and corn. Somalia is also the largest warehouse of mastic and bitter, as they are exported worldwide to most countries, and it works to export livestock and sheep from animals.
Industry in Somalia
Somalia is characterized by its weak industry sector, where the industry is limited to packaging agricultural products and making them ready for export, and therefore there is a small share of the national product, as it does not exceed more than 10% of the gross domestic product, and the reason for this is that they are still suffering from the effects Civil war.
The development of sectors in Somalia
Private airlines were established in Somalia that played a big role in reducing the price of this means of transportation. In addition, the business sector has developed thanks to the dependence of this sector on Somali citizens who live outside the country, such as private radio stations, mobile phone companies, Internet cafes, and in recent years A canning plant has been opened in the capital, Mogadishu, which belongs to Coca-Cola International, which confirms the confidence of global companies in the investment climate available in Somalia at the present time.
Trade in Somalia
There are money transfer companies in Somalia that are very popular in the present time, which has made these companies generate nearly two billion dollars annually for Somalia through foreign transfers from Somali citizens living abroad.
The language of the Somali population
The people of the country speak the Somali language, which is the official language, and it is one of the Cushitic languages that is one of the branches of the African and Asian languages, and the Afar language spoken by the people of Eritrea from the closest languages to the Somali language, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and also close to the Oromo language spoken by the people of Kenya And Ethiopia, and therefore the Somali language is considered one of the most widespread Kush languages, as the Somali people embrace the Islamic religion.