The city of Algeria is the capital of the Algerian Republic and its largest city in terms of population, and during the era of the Roman Empire it was known as Ecosium, and its current names are cheerful and guarded, and white Algeria in relation to the whiteness and shine of its buildings, as it is characterized by its economic, commercial and financial activity in the country where the number is concentrated in Industries, especially in an area called Rouiba Reghaia.
The population of the city of Algeria
According to the geographical world dictionary, the city of Algeria was ranked among the hundred largest cities in the world in terms of population, with an estimated number of 5.3 million people, and it is the largest city in the Arab Maghreb region in terms of population, and the races and nationalities in the city are as follows: Arab origins , Berber, French, and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Algeria city site
The city of Algeria is distinguished by its excellent marine and land location, because it is located on the edge of the northeastern slopes of a mountain called Bouzarra, which overlooks the Mediterranean Sea and has a height of 400 meters. The city’s bay extends from Ras El-Rayes Hamidou to Ras Tameenfust in the form of an arc that is 31 kilometers long. Latitude 6 4 4, 36 شمال north, and longitude 3 ، 3, 5 شر east from Greenwich.
The city of Algeria has recently witnessed a significant expansion towards the northwestern region at the foot of Jebel Bouzarra, and the expansion has extended to the east behind the mouth of Oued El Harrach at the expense of the fertile lands of the Mitja Plain, i.e. along the Gulf in the south and southwestern direction on the sloping hills of the coast.
Climate of the city of Algeria
The city of Algeria is distinguished by its Mediterranean climate. It is known for its long, hot and dry summers and mild and humid winters. Snow is rare in it.
Landmarks in the city of Algeria
The city of Algeria contains a distinguished set of historical monuments such as: the shrine of the martyr, the central post, the Church of the African Lady and the square of Prince Abdul Qadir. The city consists of two parts, an old Islamic section and a modern European one. The old section is known as the Kasbah, where there are many narrow streets and numerous mosques The castles, which date back to the sixteenth century, were documented in the UNESCO World Heritage Register in 1992, and the Kasbah contains gardens, an astronomical observatory, a national book house, and a large number of palaces and luxurious homes of an Arab-Islamic character.
Natural hazards in the city of Algeria
- Earthquakes: The city of Algeria is considered one of the areas threatened by earthquakes. The region witnessed the February 3 earthquake in 1716 AD, and the city was exposed to the Boumerdes earthquake in 2003, which led to the death of about 2,300 people.
- Floods: The city of Algeria is exposed to floods due to its presence on the road of rainwater. In 2001, the city was exposed to floods, which led to the death of more than 700 people.