The Republic of Austria is a federal republic consisting of nine regions, each with its own capital: Burgenland, Lower Austria, Upper Austria, Vienna, Carinthia, Salzburg, Styria, Tirol, and Vorarlberg. The population of Austria is 8,670,690, according to the latest statistics conducted in the year 2015. The total area of Austria is 82,531 km2. Austria is one of the richest countries, as the GDP of the country reached 374,056 million dollars in 2015.
The capital of Austria
The capital of the Republic of Austria is Vienna (English: Vienna), which is the tenth largest European city and the largest of the nine provinces in Austria in terms of population, with a population of 1,828,127 people. The city acquired its name from the old name (Vendopona), which is a Roman name and is originally from Celtic, and the name indicates the personal property of a Celtic leader who was his name (Windows).
Vienna covers an area of approximately 415 sq km, and the city’s coordinates are between ′12 ° 48 to the north, and 16 to 22 ° to the east. The city is located in the northeast of the country to the east, from the narrow plain that runs through the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains, and passes in the center of the capital the Danube, which is the second largest river in Europe. This site contributed greatly to the city’s development and prosperity in all respects, especially the economic aspects, as it made it a link between the north and south of the country, and between its east and west across the Danube.
Vienna has a temperate climate; with cold winters and a warm summer, although east of the Alps, it is protected by a group of hills that prevent very cold winds from the mountain. The highest temperature levels in summer are 21.5 ° C during the day, while the lowest average temperatures are 2.3 ° C during the day, and -2.7 ° C at night. The average annual rainfall is 607 mm.
Vienna’s economy is considered the most powerful economy among all Austrian cities, as the city’s gross regional product reached 91.42 million dollars, according to the statistics of the year 2014, contributing 25.6% of the value of the country’s GDP. The city also houses many of the headquarters of large international companies, the most important of which is the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC).
The services sector is the most important sector in the Vienna economy, accounting for 85.5% of the total added value, while the industrial and trade sectors constitute 14.5%, and the agriculture sector receives 1% of the total added value only. The gross regional product per capita in Vienna is $ 48,350, and it is ranked sixth among European cities.
Vienna is not a regular city, as its ancient history testifies to it in this matter. This beautiful city is a scientific, cultural and artistic capital par excellence, due to its vast and important ancient history. The history of Vienna began when the Romans set up a camp and set up Celtic in the year 1000 BC, and then fell under Roman rule in the fifteenth century BC. In 1001, the Kingdom of Hungary was established by King Stephen I, and in 1155 King Henry II appointed Vienna as the capital of the kingdom. The kingdom was occupied by the Ottomans in 1526, and it became part of the Ottoman Empire until 1683, when the Austrian forces ended the Ottoman state’s presence in Vienna and restored Hungary.
As for the modern history of the region, it started in 1815 when the Austrian Prince Mternich reached and was in control of the highest political ranks in Europe. In 1849, Hungary declared independence, but Austria managed to regain control of the region with the help of Russia. In the year 1867 the Hungarian-Austrian Kingdom was established which lasted until the year 1918, then it was dissolved. The Republic of Austria was founded in 1920, and Vienna was the capital of the Republic.
Vienna is an important Austrian tourist center, which is very important. The city is located on the banks of the charming Danube River, and it contains many beautiful tourist attractions to an indescribable degree, as it contains many areas of high tourist attraction, most notably:
- Opera HouseIt is one of the most important and prominent role of the international opera; this house offers many high-performance performances, and these performances change continuously; during one year, many artistic paintings and impressive performances are displayed, which vary between beauty and ballet performances in a large number. very.
- Schonbrunn Palace: This palace dates back to the Middle Ages, where the wintering place was for the Habsburgs. The palace contains a stunning collection of rooms belonging to the Habsburgs, and the personal furniture of the Austrian kings.
- Vienna National LibraryIt is one of the largest libraries in the world, with a huge collection of books, charts, a music collection containing 19,000 volumes of printed music, and 12,000 music manuscripts. The library also contains the oldest illustrated version of the Bible.
The city also includes many important tourist areas, which include the Capuchin Church, St. Stephen’s Cathedral, Votive Church, and other landmarks.
In Vienna there are many places to shop, and its visitor can take a trip on the Danube. This trip includes many different activities such as dinner on the boat and moving on the Danube Island between its various beautiful places. All of these places are only part of the places that a person can visit in this city.