Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria
Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, is located near the geographical center of the Balkans in the Sofia Basin, a valley that looks like a crater in the western part of the country.
The city of Sofia has a population of 1,237,000 million.
Sofia is the largest city in Bulgaria, and it has been voted as one of the 10 best places in the world for startups in the field of information technology, and was voted in 2013 as one of the most recommended cities in Europe.
History of the city of Sofia
The Thracian settlement occupied the site of Sofia, then the Romans conquered it in 29 AD, then prospered to become Sardika, especially under the rule of Emperor Trajan, then it was destroyed by the Huns in 447, and the city was rebuilt by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I, and the Byzantines called it Trayadsa, Then it formed part of the first Bulgarian kingdom, between the years 809-1018, and returned to the Byzantines in the period between 1018-1186, and was incorporated into the second Bulgarian kingdom in the period 1186-1382, then it was called Sofia in 1376, after it was called by the name Sriditz when she was under the rule of the Bulgarians, and Sofia passed to A. For the Ottomans in 1382, it became the residence of the Rumid Turkish rulers, then it was taken over by the Russians in the Russo-Turkish War in the period 1877-1878, and in 1879 it became the newly independent capital of Bulgaria, then the Russians captured Sofia from the control of the Germans during World War II in 1944.
Tourism in Sofia
Sofia is one of the most famous tourist places in Bulgaria, where there are many mountain and coastal resorts, and Mount Vitosha is a great site for hiking, especially because of the ease of access to it from the city, and the availability of mountains during the winter makes them great for skiing on their slopes, Other major tourist attractions in Sofia include the National Historic Museum, which is the largest museum in Bulgaria, and Hagia Sophia, where one can find a wide range of antiquities dating back to pre-modern times, and there is also the National Archaeological Museum which was a mosque In the former, which has been found between the presidency and the National Bank, also it includes Sofia Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, built in the nineteenth century, covering an area of 3170 square meters and accommodate approximately 10,000 people.