Sofia is the capital of Bulgaria
Sofia is the largest Bulgarian city, the capital of the country, and it has a long history that reaches the year 7000 BC, as the city has been inhabited since that time, and the city of Sofia mediates the Balkan Peninsula, as the road between the Black and Adriatic Bahrain mediates, and the city is characterized by sunny and warm weather during The summer is cold, and snow falls during the winter. The average temperature there is about 10.6 ° C, as it falls within the humid continental climate.
History of Sofia
The following points touch on some facts related to the history of Sofia City:
- Sofia was first occupied by the Thracians, then fell under the control of the Romans in the year 29 AD, and the city prospered at the time.
- The city was demolished by the Huns in the year 447 AD, to remain under that until it was rebuilt by the Byzantine Emperor Justinian I in the sixth century AD, and called it (Trayadtsa).
- Sofia was considered part of the Bulgarian Kingdom between the years 809-1018 AD, to be returned to the Byzantines between the years 1018-1186 AD.
- Sofia returned as part of the Bulgarian Kingdom between the years 1186-1382 AD.
- Sophia was under Ottoman rule and was the seat of residence of the Rumid Turks in 1382AD.
- Sofia was subjected to Russia during the Russo-Turkish War between 1877-1878.
- Sofia became the capital of independent Bulgaria in the year 1879 AD.
- The Russians seized it during World War II, when it was under German control.
Landmarks of Sofia
The following points touch on the description of the geographical and urban monuments in Sofia:
- The perimeter of the city is an agricultural region, characterized by the cultivation of vegetables and fruits in particular, and the production of milk.
- The city of Sofia is the center of Bulgarian airlines.
- The cable car is a mode of transportation for the climbing of the neighboring Vitosha Mountains, while trolley buses, buses and tram lines are common local transportation.
- There are many educational institutions in Sofia, among which the University of Sofia was founded in the year 1888 AD, and thus it is the oldest higher education institution in Bulgaria, in addition to the presence of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, the Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and others.
- There are many churches in Sofia, such as St. George’s Church, Poiana Church, St. Sofia Church, and others.
- There are two historic mosques in the city, one of which has an antique collection.
- The city contains many landmarks such as the Astronomical Observatory, a number of museums, the Cyril and Methodius National Library, the Ivan Vazov National Theater, as well as the Opera House.