The state of California is a state from the United States located on the west coast, bordered to the north by the state of Oregon, to the northeast by the state of Nevada, to the southeast by the state of Arizona, and by the Mexican state of California to the south, and to the west by the Pacific Ocean, and the population of the state is more than 38 million and 802 One thousand people, and it contains people of different races and races, as there are Latin American, Asian, and African American origins.
The capital of California
Sacramento is the capital of the state of California, USA. It is located in the Mediterranean Valley and is the seventh largest city in the state in terms of population. The population, according to statistical studies for the year 2006, is about 457,514 people. The city is considered one of the most important cultural and economic centers of seven provinces: Sacramento, and Yolo, El Dorado, Plesser, Sater, Yuba, Nevada and Douglas, and in general the city ranks fourth in terms of population.
The city was founded in December 1848 AD by John Sartre, who built the Sater Castle in 1839 AD and called it a name inspired by Swiss history is “New Helvetia”, and the city contains a branch of the University of California, and lived in the past for thousands of years the following tribes: the tribes of the forgotten , And the Native American tribes of Plains Miwax, which is evidenced by a set of indications that affect the lives of some Native American tribes in the city, and according to the history books, people ate ancient fruits, oaks, roots, and various crops.
The term “Sacramento” in Spanish and Portuguese means “the Eucharist”, as the city was discovered in 1808 AD by the Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga, and he gave her name and dedicated it to the valley and the river in it, as one French writer described it and pointed to the generosity of bliss in it because of its nature Wonderful and diverse plant crops.
The city of Sacramento is located near the meeting point of the American River with the Sacramento River, and this is one of the most important cities in California because ships stop at the meeting point of the two rivers with the aim of unloading cargo and goods and exporting materials and industries to and from the Pacific Ocean.
The Mexican era
John Satter managed to reach the confluence of the Sacramento and American rivers in 1839 AD, which led to the granting of Mexican lands an area of about 50 thousand hectares, and in the following year Sartre ordered a group of workers to build a great castle surrounded by fences at a height of 18 feet and a width of 3 feet, according to This building became the political governor of the region, and was able to expand and develop the city, where he ordered the cultivation of fruits on 10 hectares, and about 13 thousand head of cattle were raised in the lands of the castle.