What is the capital of Canada

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Canada

Canada (English: Canada) is a country located in the North American continent, to the north of the United States of America, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean from the east and the Pacific Ocean from the west, and Canada has a very large geographical area; it is the second largest country in the world in terms of area, And its area reaches 9,984,670 km2, and Canada is the largest country in the world bordering only one country, in the past, Canada was a British colony, and it gained its independence in 1867 AD, and since that time Canada has developed very significantly in economic and technological terms, and today Canada ranks third in the world After oil reserves Both Venezuela and Saudi Arabia, which is the sixth largest oil producer in the world.

Ottawa willed Canada

The city of Ottawa (English: Ottawa) is the federal capital of Canada, and the fourth largest city in terms of size, and the name Ottawa is derived from the word Odawa which is a word from the Algonkin language, and they are indigenous to the North American continent, and means “trade”. The city of Ottawa is one of the most economically developed cities in the world, where its position as the administrative capital of Canada helped it in its growth and development. In 1900 AD Ottawa employed about 300 employees in the government sector, and the number increased to 40 thousand government employees in the mid-20th century. Today, Ottawa is characterized With its safety and low crime rate, in addition to the large population coexistence between its races and different residents, whose population in 2016 reached 934,243 people.

Geography of Ottawa

Location

The city of Ottawa is located in the east of Canada, east of the province of Ontario, on the southern bank of the Ottawa River that separates it from the province of Quebec, and the city of Gatineau, which is located within the province of Quebec, and passes in Oatau Canal Rideau from the north to the south, and ends to flow into the Ottawa River, The city of Ottawa covers an area of ​​2.779 km2, and it includes several regions such as Kanta, Rock Cliff, Nipan, Vanni, Orleans, Gloucester, and other areas. Astronomically, the coordinates of the city extend between the longitude 45′ 25′N and the latitude 75′41 75 E.

the climate

The city of Ottawa has a humid continental climate, with very cold winters and a warm summer. In winter, the average daytime temperatures reach -4.8 ° C, while at night it reaches -13.4 ° C, while in summer the average daytime temperatures reach 24.9 ° C, and it reaches During the night to 14 ° C, the spring and autumn seasons witness moderate temperatures during the day, ranging between 10.4 and 12.4 ° C. The average annual rainfall is 869.5 mm.

History of Ottawa

The city was the first to be inhabited by the Junquin people who settled in the bank of the Ottawa River in the middle of the seventeenth century A.D. The city that established the new colony of France, and the importance of the city emerged through the Ottawa River, which was used as a corridor for explorers and those seeking fur trade for a period of two centuries, after which Ottawa became part of the British Crown colonies, after France ceded its colonies to Britain under the Paris Treaty.
In the year 1800 AD, a group of Massachusetts farmers led by Philemon Wright created the first permanent city in the region, and it was called “Rightsville” and is located north of the Ottawa River, and it is now known as the City of Hull, while the southern bank of the river (the site of the current city of Ottawa) began settlement in The decade that followed, and when the British proposed turning the Rediao River into a canal, to serve as an alternative route for transportation and shipping, Colonel John oversaw the construction of a long canal that spanned more than 203 km, called the Rideau Canal, and built on the south bank of the Ottawa River a small village for workers and soldiers who were With him, he called it “Bytown” and founded KM Dinah in 1850 AD and changed its name to Ottawa in 1855 AD.
The reason that Ottawa was chosen as the capital of Canada dates back to the year 1857 AD and was chosen by Queen Victoria, and despite the intense competition that was between other Canadian cities such as Toronto and Quebec, Ottawa emerged as a strong and important city due to its geographical location and access to it by rail. And after the founding of the state of Canada in the year 1867AD, Ottawa remained its capital, and in the 20th century, Ottawa witnessed a great development in both the architectural and residential areas, and the French architectural designer Jacques Graeber redesigned the city in 1937 AD at the request of the Prime Minister at the time after the two fires that he had eaten in 1900 m -1916 m.

Landmarks of Ottawa

The city of Ottawa is distinguished by many important tourist and historical monuments, which reflect the cultural heritage and history that characterizes the city, and the most important of these are:

  • parliament building: The Historic Parliament Building is located on a hill overlooking the Ottawa River, and represents the historic and cultural center of the city, where the activities of the Canadian Day are held on the first of July in each year, and in 1916 the building was exposed to a huge fire that swallowed all its facilities except the library, and the walls of the building include inscriptions and writings Many of its corridors include statues and sculptures belonging to important Canadian figures.
  • Rideau Channel: It is one of the most famous canals in Canada and the world, which extends for a distance of more than 202 km from Kingston to Ottawa, of which 19 km was manually dug without the use of any equipment, and was built between 1826 and 1832 CE by the British leader John and the engineers who are with him, and they have high rock walls, In 2007, Rideau Channel was included on the UNESCO List of Heritage and Culture, due to its importance.
  • Byward Market: It is the oldest and oldest public market in Canada and dates back to almost 200 years, where farmers and craftsmen from all over the region meet to sell artisan products and local agricultural fruits, and the market’s history dates back to 1826 AD by Colonel John, and includes more than 120 places devoted to eating and drinking.

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