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N’Djamena, the capital of Chad
N’Djamena is the capital of Chad, as it was formerly called Fort Lamy, located on the southwestern border near the state of Cameroon, in addition to that capital located on the eastern bank of the Chari River, and meets the Logon River in the Green Valley.
A brief history of N’Djamena
The city of N’Djamena was built in 1900 AD along the Chari River, after the French colonial forces defeated and killed the Sudanese rebel, Rabah Al-Zubayr, after he tried to establish a military zone in the east of Lake Chad. The city was also called Fort Lamy in relation to a leading name in the French army who died the same The battle also, and a small colony remained in Kotoko even after the independence of Chad in 1960 AD, and its name was changed to N’Djamena in 1973 AD. It is worth noting that during the civil war that started in the mid-sixties, the city was occupied by the Libyan forces between the years 1980 AD To 1981 AD.
The climate in N’Djamena
The city of N’Djamena is characterized by its tropical climate, that is, temperatures remain high throughout the year, due to its close proximity to the equator, and this is why this city is one of the most sunny cities around the world, where the bright daylight usually lasts approximately 13 hours per day, and the spring season A very high temperature, especially in the month of April, as temperatures may reach about 40 ° C during the day and 20 ° C at night, and N’Djamena is a very dry city, where seasonal rains fall during the summer between June and August, in addition to its winter It is considered warm.
Demography in N’Djamena
Most of the population of Chad lives in the capital N’Djamena, or the Logon Occidental region, where approximately 26% of the population of Chad lives in civilized areas, and this is why N’Djamena is the only civilized city in Chad, and the population of the capital is less than a million, and almost half of this population is what Under the age of fifteen, it is also considered an administrative center and a major regional market for livestock, salt, dates, and grains. It is worth noting that the meat processing process is the main function in the city.