What is the capital of Egypt

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Cairo city

Cairo is the capital and center of the economy in Egypt, and it is the largest city in Egypt and one of the largest cities in the continent of Africa, with a population of 20,484,965 people according to the statistics of 2020, and Cairo is an active focus of tourism, trade, government services, finance, and it is worth noting that The city of Cairo is located in the northeast of Egypt, while it has an area of ​​214 square kilometers. The city is characterized by its diverse terrain, as it is located on the banks of the Nile River, surrounded by plants and beautiful landscapes mixed with high-rise buildings, and to the east there is the eastern desert, the hills of the Maqam and Red Mountain.

History of the city of Cairo

Cairo is a very ancient city with a long history, as it is greater than Alexander the Great who invaded Egypt in the past. Cairo was officially established in 969 AD, but its history dates back more than a thousand years, and it has been settled by many civilizations and peoples, such as the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, and Turks, and it was known by several names during the rule of these peoples, and among these names Memphis, Heliopolis, Babel in Egypt, Al-Fustat, Al-Qattai, Al Askar, and many other names. It was also called the cradle of civilization because it fell in the middle of the roads leading to Asia, Europe and Africa.

The history of Cairo begins about 5,000 years ago, since the time of the first pharaoh in Egypt Narmer, as he unified the two kingdoms of Egypt (the northern kingdom in the north and the white kingdom in the south), and he took from Memphis his capital, which is currently about 25 km south of central Cairo Throughout the rule of the Pharaohs, which lasted 800 years, the city flourished and became influential and powerful among the countries of the world, and in 2500 BC the power of the Pharaohs decreased, and the city came out of their rule to the rule of the Egyptian priests, and it became Heliopolis.
Many civilizations alternated in Cairo’s rule, as the Romans and then the Arabs ruled for some time. Regression during this period, and continued without interruption until the mid-nineteenth century when the rule of Muhammad Ali Pasha took over, and during the period between 1882 AD to 1926 CE, Cairo and the rest of Egypt were under British rule.

Climate of Cairo

The nature of the climate in Cairo is a desert climate, so the weather is hot during the day and cold at night, but in winter the weather is moderate with the possibility of rain, so the best time to visit it is between February and March.

The most famous places in Cairo

Cairo has a captivating history and ancient civilization that makes it imperative for every visitor to Egypt to visit and enjoy the historical and tourist attractions in the region, as it shows the best representation of the ancient Pharaonic era, in addition to the presence of one of the seven wonders of the ancient world in it, which is the pyramid of Giza with absolute aura and great strength, and Cairo also contains On:

  • The Egyptian National Museum: The museum is located in Tahrir Square, and is especially distinguished for its presence in ancient Egyptian art.
  • Mosques: There are many famous and bold mosques in its design, such as Amr Ibn Al-Aas Mosque, Ibn Tulun Mosque, Sultan Hassan Mosque, and Qaitbay Mosque, in addition to Al-Azhar Mosque and the surrounding buildings such as Al-Azhar University, which is considered the pioneer center for Quranic studies, and Cairo is the center of Coptic Christianity.
  • Universities and institutes: Cairo contains many of them, as it is the headquarters of the American University, and it contains the Cairo Institute of Applied Arts, the Higher Institute for Finance and Trade, the Higher Institute of Fine Arts, the Faculty of Fine Arts, and Cairo University which is located in Giza.
  • Tourist Attractions: Cairo has many tourist and historical places, including:
  • Great Sphinx of Giza.
  • Egyptian Museum.
  • Bazaars Khan al-Khalili.
  • Show the sound and light in the pyramids of Giza.
  • Egyptian Antiquities Museum.


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