What is the capital of Ethiopia

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Addis Baba, capital of Ethiopia

It is known as Addis Abeba and it is the name used by the official Ethiopian body, and in the Ethiopian language it is known as Addis Ababa and means a new flower, it was established in the year 1886 AD by Emperor Menelik II, after it was chosen by Empress Taito Betol, it is considered the official capital of Ethiopia.

Population and geography

Addis Baba is the largest city in Ethiopia in terms of population. It has more than two million people, according to 2007 statistics, and they are of various origins, more than eighty nationalities, speak more than eighty languages, and have great importance in many ways, including historical, political and diplomatic,

Addis Baba rises above sea level by about seven thousand five hundred and forty six feet, and thus occupies the third position in terms of altitude in the world.

Milestones

The city is the main headquarters of the Economic Commission of the African continent, and it contains a variety of famous landmarks and sites, the most important of which are:

  • The Ethiopian National Museum, which contains a skeleton made of fossilized gypsum.
  • The famous Miskell Square, in which the annual Miskel Festival is held, especially in late September, is attended by and attended by thousands of interested people.
  • The Ethiopian National Library.
  • Ethiopian Ethnological Museum.
  • Addis Ababa Museum.
  • Natural History Museum.
  • Ethiopian Railway Museum.
  • National Post Museum.
  • St. George’s Cathedral, established in 1896 AD, was considered a major home to the museum.
  • The Holy Trinity Cathedral, which was previously the largest Orthodox cathedral in Ethiopia, and near it is the tomb of Sylvia Pankhurst.
  • The tomb of Emperor Haile Selassie as well as the entire imperial family, and the group of Italian fighters who were killed during the war.
  • The ancient imperial palace that belonged to Menelik, is currently the official and main residence of the Ethiopian government.
  • The National Palace was previously known as the Jubilee Palace in relation to the silver jubilee that the state won in the year 1955 AD.
  • Hagar Theater, which is the oldest and located in a neighborhood called Pisa.
  • Africa Hall, which is the official headquarters of the United Nations, specifically related to the economic aspect, in addition to a group of private offices.
  • The parliament building, built during the reign of Emperor Haile Selassie, with its own clock reference.
  • The Shingu Hall is built in the shape of a runway and is considered the new hall for the parliament sessions, and it is the largest in the world. It was built and equipped in Finland, and it was collected in Addis Ababa.
  • Al Anwar Mosque, which is the largest mosque in Ethiopia, and a few meters away is the Church of Rajiol, which confirms the distinct religious harmony that exists between Muslims and Christians in Ethiopia.
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