Helsinki is the capital of Finland
Helsinki is the capital of the State of Finland, which is the sea port, and the main industrial city of the state, and is called in most of the times the title of the “White City of the North” due to the presence of a large number of buildings constructed of light colored local granite in it, which is the commercial, administrative, and intellectual center For Finland, it contains machine shops, shipyards, food processing plants, textile and clothing factories, and printing stations.
Location and population of the city of Helsinki
Helsinki is located in the far south of the country, on a peninsula full of good natural harbor that stands out to the Gulf of Finland, in the Finnish region of Uusimaa, at 60.17 latitude and 24.94 longitude, at an altitude of 26 meters above sea level, and its population is estimated at 558,457 people, which makes it The largest city in Uusimaa is part of the EEST time zone.
History of the city of Helsinki
The city of Helsinki was founded in 1550 AD by King Gustav I Vasa, and the aim of its foundation was to compete with the city of Reval, which is located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland. Helsinki was originally located at the mouth of the Vantaa River, and was moved to its last location in 1640 AD with the aim of facilitating access to The sea, and it is mentioned that the historical city that was founded in 1550 AD was destroyed by a major fire in 1808 AD, and it was rebuilt as a large and well planned city, and the first Finnish railway was built in 1860 AD, a railway linking Helsinki and Hamlinlinna, which led to its prosperity.
In the old part of the city there are a group of historical buildings such as: the State Council Building, the President’s Residence, the University of Helsinki, St. Nicholas Church, the National Art Gallery, and the impressive railway station designed by Eileen Saarinen, in addition to the Finnish Hall that was founded in 1971 AD, and the House Finnish National Opera, House of Representatives, and Sports Stadium, which witnessed the Olympic Games in 1952.
Transportation in Helsinki
Helsinki can be reached by various means of transport:
- Planes: Helsinki-Vantaa International Airport, the main airport serving the city, is located in the city, 18 km north in the nearby city of Vantaa.
- Trains: There is a central railway station in Helsinki that transports people to nearby cities and international destinations such as: Moscow, St. Petersburg, and metro and tram lines to reach the city center and its suburbs.
- Buses: The central bus station provides local and international routes in the city.
- Boats: The city has 5 ports offering flights to Estonia, Stockholm and the surrounding islands.
- Helicopter: It is an expensive way to get to and from Tallinn, and the journey takes only 18 minutes.
- Kotsoplus: It is a relatively new means of transportation in Helsinki, and provides a convenient and fast way to get around, which is a minibus that can be booked using the Internet, for use by passengers traveling in one direction.
- taxi: Taxi services are frequent in the city center, and are organized by the government.