What is the capital of France

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France

France (English: France) is a country located in the western part of the continent of Europe, and France is classified as the largest European country in terms of area after Russia, France is one of the oldest, oldest, and most influential and stable European countries, and its system of government is a representative democratic republic, and the French republic is considered The present is the fifth Republican system to be established in France since 1958.

Paris is the capital of France

Paris is the official capital of the Republic of France, and it is located in the north-central side of the country, and is located along the Seine River about 375 km. The city of Paris occupies a privileged position within the agricultural region, which is called the Paris Basin, and it is one of the administrative regions in France, and Paris ranks among the most important French cultural and commercial centers.

Paris is one of the most famous French cities that contributed to attracting many people to France, and helped to support many fields such as business, culture, study, entertainment, literature, and other fields. Paris was called the city of light during the Enlightenment, which was linked In its educational and intellectual importance.
The city of Paris contains many civilizational landmarks, the most famous of which is the Eiffel Tower, which reaches a height of more than 300 meters, it also contains the Louvre Museum, which contains the most important world archaeological artifacts, and there is also the Arc de Triomphe, whose construction dates back to the Napoleonic era as a memorial to the victory of the French army .

Geographical topography

The total geographical area of ​​the city of Paris reaches 105 km², from the area of ​​France, which equals 551,602 km², and the oldest French lands are located in the intermediate bloc, within the Brittany Peninsula on the northwestern side, and in the mountainous regions on the eastern side, and all return to both the Permian and the coal age When the ground movements led to the emergence of a group of geographical influences resulting from erosion, which contributed to its transformation into lush plains.
The geographic regions in France were affected by the repetition of the sea’s tyranny, which led to the deposition of many sandy and limestone components on its soil. During the period of desertification and drought, erosion affected the surface of most sediments. A group of rocks dating back to the pre-Cambrian era appeared later, and other rock types were found, such as granite, metamorphic, sedimentary, sandy and volcanic ash. The intermediate plateau is one of the most famous plateaux in France, as its geographical area constitutes one-sixth of the total area of ​​the state.
The French lands are distinguished by the diversity of their geographical topography, so the western and northern regions contain different plains by nature, while within the southern, eastern and central regions there is a group of mountains and hills, the most famous of which is the Pyrenees Mountains that contain blocks of rocks, and also there are hills that resemble hills in the Its forms, and in the southern part of Lake Geneva there are the Alps of France, separated by the valley of the Ezer and the Drak Al-Darak into two parts, the northern Alps (the High Alps) and the Southern Alps (the Low Alps), and is located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea Plain surrounded by medium plateau and the mountains of the Alps, and the Rhone river plains stretching down to the low area of ​​its long.

the climate

The climate in France is varied due to the diversity of geographical regions, and it is divided into three types: the oceanic climate, the continental climate, and the Mediterranean climate. The oceanic climate appears in the western regions of France, and it is considered relatively low temperatures accompanied by a lot of rain, and the summer is cold, with a very cold winter at times, while the continental climate affects the central and eastern regions in France, and at the French European borders Extending from the west to the center of the continent of Europe, and the summer is warm with a colder winter than the western regions, and rain and snow fall on the highlands. The average temperature in Paris in July is 19 degrees Celsius, and in January, the temperatures reach 3 degrees Celsius.
The Mediterranean climate is widespread in the southern regions of France, but it does not affect the mountainous range in the southwest, and winter is considered within this climate cool with a hot summer, and witnesses a few rains, and the average temperatures in the city of Paris reach 11 degrees Celsius, either In the city of Nice, the average temperature is estimated to be around 15 ° C. The rainfall in the mountainous regions increases to the equivalent of 112 cm.

demographics

The estimated number of the population of the city of Paris in 2015 was 10,843,000 according to the United Nations, out of the number of France’s population of 66,836,154 people according to the statistics of 2016, and the origins of the population belong to various ethnic groups, namely: Latin with Germans, Celtic, and North African, India is Chinese, minorities from the Basque country, and people beyond the sea, and the French language is the official language in France, as secondary languages ​​are used little for overseas residents, and Catholic Christianity is the most popular religion among the population with an estimated rate ranging from 63% -66%.

Economy

The economic sector in France is considered diversified in terms of different economic fields, so the French government worked to privatize most of the major companies, such as telecommunications and aviation companies, etc., but it maintained its presence within most areas, specifically transportation, energy, and the military industry, and also the economy in France depends on tourism As it is the third country in the world in terms of income dependent on the tourism sector, and the number of tourists coming to France is estimated at about 84 million tourists each year. The city of Paris is considered the important economic center in France, as it contains the most important international and French companies, and its GDP in 2011 reached 607 billion euros.
The gross domestic product in France witnessed growth in 2015, and this contributed to a decrease in the unemployment rate, but the French public debt increased by 98%. The French presidency worked to change the general economic policy, and contributed to influencing the financial conditions; by relying on tax control and reducing public spending, and the value of the gross domestic product in France amounted to the equivalent of $ 2.737 billion in 2016, and the rate of purchasing power (PPP) for the same year, gross domestic product equivalent to $ 42,400.

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