Amman is the capital of Jordan
Amman is considered the capital of Jordan, as it is the political, cultural, and economic capital of Jordan, and the most populous city in the country, and it is a favorite tourist destination for Arabs and Europeans.
It is also one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, with a population density of 313 people per square kilometer,
And the population of it is about 1275857 million people.
Tourism in Oman
There are many tourist sites that can be visited in Amman:
- Castle Mountain: Jabal Al Qalaa is one of the most famous tourist sites in Amman, and it contains many sites and historical monuments, which include the Umayyad Palace, the Byzantine Church, and the National Archaeological Museum.
- Roman Theater: The city of Amman is famous for its Roman theater, which was built during the Roman Empire, and the theater can accommodate approximately 6000 people, and was recently rebuilt for the purpose of hosting performances in the summer.
- Jabal Amman: The Jabal Amman region is famous for its historical buildings, monuments, and architectural works dating back to the early twentieth century. Today it includes many markets, museums, cafes, and small beautiful shops.
History of Amman
Amman was the capital of the Ammonites in the thirteenth century BC, and it was known as (the goddess of Ammon), then the name was changed to (Philadelphia) by the Macedonian ruler Ptolemy II Philadelphus, after he established the Kingdom of the Ptolemies in Amman after his conquest of the city, then it was The name was changed again to (Amman) when the Rashidun Army seized it in the 1960s, and in 1921 King Abdullah appointed Amman as the capital of the Emirate of Transjordan.
Amman received large numbers of immigrants from neighboring countries during the war events, and a large number of refugees from Syria during the Syrian civil war that started in 2011. At the present time, east Amman hosts a number of heritage sites where cultural events are held regularly, while the western section From the city it is more modern, in which transactions and international commercial projects are carried out. The city also contains important government buildings such as the Jordanian Parliament, the Palace of Justice, which is considered as the Supreme Court in Jordan, and the home of the Prime Minister of Jordan as well.