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Lithuania, or English Lithuania It is a country located in the northeastern side of the European continent, and has coasts on the Baltic Sea. It is bordered by Latvia on the north side, Belarus is bordered by Belarus on the eastern side, and on the southeastern side. Poland is bordered to the southwest by the Russian Federation and Kaliningrad region. It is bordered by the Baltic Sea from the western side.
The capital of Lithuania
The capital of Lithuania is the city of Vilnius, or in English Vilnius, And this name was derived from the name of the Vilnius River that passes through it. Vilnius is located in the southeast of the country, and is the capital of Vilnius Province, which is one of the ten provinces that make up Lithuania.
The population of Lithuania
Lithuania extends over an area of about 65,200 km2. The population of the population, according to estimates in the year 2014, is 2,944,459 million people, and the vast majority of this population are Lithuanians, where their proportion of the total population is approximately 84.1%, and the rest of the population are Bulldogs, Russians, Ukrainians, and others.
Language in Lithuania
The Lithuanian population speaks Lithuanian, as it is the official language of the country. As for the other minorities, each speaks its own language. According to the statistics of 2011, the Catholic Christian religion is the religion that is adopted by most of the population, and the proportion of this population is estimated at 77.2%, and there are a number of the population estimated at 9% convert to Protestant Lutheran Christianity, and there are a number estimated to be about 4.1% convert to Orthodox Christianity . It contains a number of non-religious, Jewish, and other residents.
History of Lithuania
Lithuania was previously one of the republics of the Soviet Union that collapsed in 1990, when it gained independence on March 11, 1990 after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It is now an independent state with a republican parliamentary system of government, and it is one of the member states of the United Nations, as it joined it after a year of independence, and it is also one of the member states of the European Union, where it joined in 2004. The official currency is called the Lithuanian Litas.
The area of Lithuania
The city of Vilnius is estimated at 401 km2. It is the largest city in Lithuania in terms of population, with an estimated population of approximately 939,539 people in 2014. Vilnius is the most populous city in Lithuania.
The cultural importance of Lithuania
Vilnius is one of the most important cities in Lithuania and in Europe, as it was considered as the capital of European culture, and the Austrian city of Linz in 2009. This is because these two cities are among the most important historical monumental cities in the European continent.