The capital of Nepal
Kathmandu is the capital of Nepal, which is the largest city and its administrative and economic capital, and Kathmandu is characterized by advanced infrastructure, and is located in the middle of the country next to the following cities: Themy, Pattan, and Paktapur, which was the capital of Nepal until the fifteenth century, and Kirtipur.
Kathmandu is located in a mountainous area near the confluence of the Vishnumati and Pagmati rivers, at an altitude of 1324 meters above sea level, and the city was founded in 723 AD, and the name Kathmandu refers to a wooden temple built in 1596 AD that is still present in the central square until now where the saints house to it , And is believed to have been built from a single tree wood.
Tourist places in Kathmandu
Kathmandu is located between the Himalayas, and it has many tourist places, the most important of which are:
- Pashupatinath Temple, which is an important religious residence for Hindus, is worshiped by Lord Shiva.
- Palaces and temples.
- Bodha Stupa, one of the most sacred sites of the Tibetan Buddhist religion.
- The Dashen National Festival which takes place in October and the second for fifteen days, and some animals are slaughtered and presented as a sacrifice, and barley seeds are planted with the wish that the next year will be prosperous and better than the year before.
- Narayanhiti Palace is a museum that offers tourists an example of former royal life.
- The Dream Garden, or Kaiser Mahal, is a walled garden in which tourists spend rest periods, and it has a café and an open-air theater.
- Sinha Palace, this palace is located in Kathmandu, it was formerly the official residence of the Prime Ministers, and it is currently a government building.
Geography and Demography of Kathmandu
The capital, Kathmandu, is located in the northwestern part of the Kathmandu Valley, with an area of 5067 km 2, and through which eight rivers pass. It lives in Kathmandu 985,000 people, and it has many ethnic groups, the most important of which are:
- Newar: 30% of the population.
- Sequence: 25% of the population.
- Brahmans: 20% of the population.
- Chitras: 18.5% of the population.