What Is The Capital Of Palestine

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Jerusalem is Palestine’s capital

Jerusalem is considered the capital of the state of Palestine for Arabs and Muslims around the world, while the Israeli community considers it the unified capital, especially after the annexation of the eastern part of the city to the occupied territories, which was occupied after the 1967 war, while the United Nations and the international community do not recognize Jerusalem as the capital of the occupying state of Israel And international laws affirm that East Jerusalem is part of the Palestinian territories, and that it can only be the capital of the State of Palestine.

Information about Jerusalem

Population in Jerusalem

Statistical studies and research showed at the end of the year 2000 AD that the population of the city of Jerusalem rose by 2%, as the city’s population is estimated at 646.3 thousand people, of whom 436.7 thousand are Jews, and studies showed in the same year that the number of the Jewish population declined significantly compared to the proportion of The increasing Arab population, due to the increase in the number of births among Arabs, and the emigration of Jews to different cities and countries, and this is why the Israeli government is trying to increase the number of Jews in the city by different means and methods. For example, the government is working to replace the Jews, and to build homes for them in the place of destroyed Arab homes on the pretext that the Arabs They do not have building permits.

The Jerusalem Wall

The Canaanites built the Wall of Jerusalem during their reign, but it was subjected to a number of sabotage and destruction operations due to the successive wars on the city, and its last destruction was in 1226 AD, and it remained unchanged until Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent came, and he ordered to rebuild it, and the wall is characterized by its trapezoidal shape, where Its length reaches from the north 3930 feet, from the east 2,754 feet, from the south 3245 feet, and from the west 2086 feet, and contains four closed doors and seven open doors, namely: Bab Al-Amud, Bab Al-Sahirah, Bab Al-Asbat, Bab Al-Mughrabi, Bab Al Nabi Dawood, and Bab Al Khalil , And the iron door.

Religious monuments in Jerusalem

  • Islamic features: The city of Jerusalem is full of Islamic monuments and buildings, as it contains a large number of mosques, schools, corners, soils and hospices, and its most important features: the tribal mosque, the Dome of the Rock, the Dome of the Spirits, the Dome of Moses, the Dome of the Rock, the Al-Aqsa Mosque and its minarets, the Omar Bin Al-Khattab Mosque and the Al-Buraq Wall .
  • Christian monuments: The city of Jerusalem contains a large number of Christian religious monuments, among them: the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the Church of St. Hanna St. Ann, the Lutheran Church or Church of the Savior, the Monastery of St. Jacob, the Monastery of the imprisonment of Christ, and the Monastery of St. Mark.

Education in Jerusalem

There are several prestigious universities in Jerusalem, where these universities offer educational programs for students in three basic languages: Arabic, Hebrew, and English, and among the most important of these universities: The Hebrew University, which is ranked among the top 100 educational institutions in the world, has also been established Al-Quds Open University in Jerusalem in 1984 to be a university for the Arab population, and the university is described as the only Arab university in the city.

Among the most famous higher education institutions in the city: Jerusalem Academy for Music and Dance Education, and the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design, and there is no doubt that it contains a large number of schools and kindergartens.

The climate in Jerusalem

The city is characterized by its moderate climate, so in the summer it is hot and dry, and in the winter it is moderate and rainy, and snow falls on it once or twice most of the time during the winter season, and January is considered one of the coldest months of the year, while August and July are considered to be one of the most free months of the year, and arrive The average annual rainfall between October and May is about 550 mm.

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