What is the capital of Peru

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About Peru

Before we talk about the capital of Peru, let us first get to know the country of Peru itself

  • Official name: Republic of Peru.
  • Location: western side of South America.
  • Independence: I became independent from Spanish rule in 1821.
  • Administrative divisions: divided into 25 regions and one region.
  • The geographical nature of the Earth: arid plains, mountains, tropical forests.
  • Population: 29.5 million.
  • Official language: Spanish.
  • Other local languages: Quechua.
  • The capital: Lima.

The capital, Lima

It is the largest city in Peru and its cultural and economic center, with a population of 9 million who speak mostly Spanish, and is the fifth largest city in terms of population in South America, founded in 1535 by the Spanish Francisco Pissarro who called it the Crown of Kings.

The reason for naming this province is due to a house of priests that was called in Quechua (Limak), which is the name remembered by the old Spanish records, but over time the name was changed to (Lima).

Lima Features

  • It lies between three rivers: Chillon, Rimac and Lorraine, which makes it a picturesque landscape and fertile agricultural land.
  • The birthplace of two of Peru’s most prominent leaders are:

The Belgorist Angelo (1912-1914) and Alan Garcia (1985-1990) who was elected again in 2006.

  • It contains 7000 factories, and it is considered a prosperous city economically and industrially, as it carries a third of the Peruvian economy. This prosperity is due to several factors, the most prominent of which are:
  • The presence of manpower in abundant numbers.
  • Quality of infrastructure and roads.
  • Among the most important industries in which Peru is famous:

  • Manufacture of clothing and textiles.
  • Food industry.
  • Chemical industry.
  • Leather industry.
  • Petroleum derivatives industry.
    • It is also distinguished by the diversity of culture. You see the culture of the country affected by Europe (due to dissolved Spanish colonialism) and African culture (due to immigration), in addition to the indigenous culture.
    • Named after the tasting capital of the Americas due to the distinctive taste of food in this city due to the mixing of several cultures.
    • A sport game called Lima (Fronton) was invented in the local language or Basque ball, a game that uses one of the wooden racket hands, in the form of a duel between two teams separated by a net.

    Tourist places in Lima

    • Museum of Yeproof Culture.
    • National Art Museum.
    • The National Museum: It is a museum that traces the history of Lima and the cultures it passed through.
    • Ancient Indian city and Machakamak monuments.
    • National Library of Peru.
    • The oldest university in South America (University of San Marcos).
    • De Armas square, with the bottom of the city, Lima Church and the Government Palace.
    • Plaza Mayor Street and Plaza San Martin.
    • Museo de Oro del Peru: Contains traces of the Incas.
    • Ypsko fishing village.
    • Wealth Garden: It is a garden that includes 13 springs lit up at night, some of which reach 80 meters.

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