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The currency unit used in Peru is called Novo Sol, and the population is approximately thirty million in the capital, Lima. There are approximately seven million people alone, noting that other cities do not exceed any city, the number of one million people, such as the city of Erbikia, Localau and Trujillo, according to the latest population updates, the population speaks The Spanish language is because the Spanish occupied it, as are most of the countries of South America. Some indigenous people speak the language of Hindi and the Quecho civilization is one of the oldest civilizations in the American continent, and the majority of the population of Lima and Peru follow Catholic Catholicism as a religion.
The capital of Peru
Lima is the capital of the State of Peru, located in the Andes Mountains and overlooking the Pacific Ocean and the western coast of Peru, the country has an area of 1,285,216 square kilometers and is bounded to the south by the Chilean State and to the north by Colombia and Ecuador to the west by the Pacific Ocean and to the east by Bolivia and Brazil, and is divided into three regions, the first of which The Sahel region, the Sera Heights region and the Andean slopes.
Economy in the capital of Peru
Lima is a first-class industrial city, and there are many products that are cultivated, extracted, or produced. The products are distributed between crops such as cotton, potatoes, bananas, sugar cane, and marine plants, and between industries such as sugar and fabric manufacturing, metals, materials made from fish, and metal factories used for mining and refining such as oil, silver, copper, iron, and zinc. , And linked to the Latin American countries many trade treaties, the most important of which is the Free Trade Treaty and the South American Trade Organization.
Climate in the capital of Peru
The climate of the city is like that of other Peruvian cities. It is a tropical climate in the east and in the west. The desert climate dominates most of the year and in the Andes mountains. The climate is moderate in summer and freezing in winter. This diversity is strange in Lima because the city and most of the Peruvian cities are on the equator but at the same time they are The largest mountain ranges on the continent of South America, which means exposure to drought and snowstorms at the same time.
History of Peru
The Chavins lived in the city in about 900 B.C., and the Inca civilization established their kingdom in the ancient city of Cusco before Lima and spread civilization to the rest of South America and the effects of their civilization still exist in Lima, Peru and South American countries, in the 16th century AD the Spanish explorer Tompes came out To search for gold and treasures belonging to the Inca civilization because he had heard about their immense wealth and opened the lands of Peru effortlessly and ruled the country for more than 300 years and their capital was Lima, where the first settlers who sought wealth lived, in 1820 AD the revolutionary San Martin The Peruvian hills, with an army of Chileans and Argentina, declared independence, and in 1833 the great revolutionary Bolivar followed and drove the Spaniards out of Peruvian territory once and for all, the military continued to dominate the country until 1980 when a civilian government was elected instead of the military.