What is the capital of Portugal

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Portugal is one of the countries of the Iberian Peninsula, which is located in the southwestern part of the European continent, and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean on the western and southern sides, and Spain on the north and east side, and its total area is 92,212 square kilometers, and its population is more than 10 million and a half people And, this country has a great history, and it dominates the islands on the Atlantic Ocean, which are the Azores and Madeira.


Lisbon is the capital of Portugal, the awareness of the largest city in it, and its population exceeds 6 million people, and its total area is 100.05 square kilometers, and it is considered one of the urban areas, and it is limited to latitude 38 ° 42’49.75 to the east, and longitude 9 ° 8 21.79 towards the north, located at the mouth of the Tagus River, and has a subtropical Mediterranean climate, where it is mild in winter, warm in summer, and the average annual temperature is 21.5 ° C during the day, 13.5 during the night, and the average degree on the sea is 17.5 Degree, and January is the coldest month of the year, and the summer season lasts for six months of St. R. May to October, and call it back to its history in the ages Phoenecian, and taken from the Romanian Lisso language or Lucio, and were written in Latin Ulyssippo means a citizen of Hispania.

History of Lisbon

The area was inhabited by the Phoenicians during the Neolithic period, and many religious, funerary, megalithic, dolmen, and erect monuments were built and still remain in place, and many Phoenician discoveries dating back to 1200 BC were found, which indicates the presence of a site Tejari was located in the center of the current city, and the Tagus River was a place for settlement, and the supply of ships for these tribes to the Isles of Scilly and Cornwall. Pain Clunk.
This city, like other major cities in the Western Empire, was a center for spreading Christianity, but that period was based on the persecution of Christians, with the fall of Rome. In the wake of the dissolution of the Roman Empire, there were invasions by the barbarians between 409 and 429, and the city was occupied successively by Sarmatians, Lance, Vandal, Germanic, and Suebians. The kingdom was merged between the Suebians, Germanic, and Visigothic kingdoms. On August 6, 711, Lisbon was transferred to Muslims whose army was mostly Berbers, and Arabs from North African and Middle Eastern countries, so they built mosques, And homes, b DONC city wall known as Circa Mora, and was at that time Islam is the official religion in the country, and allowed the Christians to maintain their religion.


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