What is the capital of Russia

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Moscow is the capital of Russia

Moscow is the capital of Russia, and it is the largest city in Russia. It is also the fifth largest city in the world. It is the commercial and cultural center of Russia, with an area of ​​2.511 square kilometers. It was named after the Moskva River, which is located next to it. Yuri Dolgoruky was the first to He called this name in 1147, and he built the first wall of the city in 1156, and the Mongols destroyed the city in 1237-1238, and it was rebuilt at a later time, and it was located at the source of the Volga River, and it continued to expand, and became known as the Duchy of Moscow The Great, and in 1480 became known as the imperial capital of Russia, and work continued on A. Its capital is Soviet Russia.

Climate of Moscow

The city of Moscow is characterized by the presence of western winds from the Atlantic Ocean, and the precipitation is moderate about 580 mm per year, as it is characterized by snow that usually begins in the middle of November, and continues in general until mid-March, and the winter in Moscow is characterized by its length, but it is more moderate Of similar climatic regions in North America, southern air currents sometimes bring higher temperatures than freezing, while northern air currents from the North Pole may affect temperatures and become very low, and are often accompanied by low relative humidity weather.

Although the average temperature reaches -10 ° C in January, it can vary and decrease to about -43 ° C. Spring is relatively short, and temperatures rise rapidly during late April, and Moscow has a warm summer, The average temperature is about 18 ° C, and it reaches about 38 ° C in the month of August. The fall season is short and enjoys a significant decrease in temperature.


The majority of the population of the city of Moscow is of Russian origin, and there are large groups of minorities, such as: Armenians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Belarusians and Azerbaijanis, and it is estimated that there are about hundreds of thousands of illegal immigrants from Vietnam, China and Afghanistan residing in Moscow Since the beginning of the twenty-first century.

Important places in Moscow

There are many important landmarks in Moscow, including the following:

  • Christ the Redeemer Cathedral, which is the tallest Orthodox cathedral in the world, and which has a large museum.
  • The Red Square is surrounded by St. Basil’s Cathedral, the Government History Museum, the Lenin Mausoleum, and one of the Kremlin’s long brick walls. The Kremlin is another important landmark, with stunning churches and beautiful gardens.
  • Tretyakov Gallery, one of the city’s richest museums, contains a distinguished collection of Russian icons or characters.
  • Gorky Park, the most popular and famous park in the city.
  • Pushkin Museum, which contains Western art from the Impressionist and Post-Impressionist period.


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