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The capital of Somalia
The coastal city of Mogadishu is the largest Somali city and is the seat of the national government. It is located on the coast of the Indian Ocean in the southern part of Somalia and is considered one of the cities with relatively low elevation from the surface of the sea, with a height of nearly 30 feet above the sea. The city of Mogadishu covers an area of 104 square kilometers and has an estimated population of 2425,000 people. The Shebelle River flows near it. It has a hot and semi-arid climate. The capital includes many important institutions and national buildings, including the official residence of the President of the country, which is called (Villa Somalia). It also contains the seat of the Somali Parliament, federal ministries and embassies, in which the first bank in the country was opened, and it contains many important mosques, and the best educational institutions In Somalia, and many museums, palaces and places of entertainment, and the port of Somalia is one of the busiest ports in the country.
General information about Somalia
Somalia is located on the continent of Africa, covering 627.337 square kilometers of land, and 10320 square kilometers of water. Somalia ranks 44th in the list of the largest countries in the world with a total area of 637,657 square kilometers. Somalia gained independence in 1960, after obtaining sovereignty and independence from Italy, and the population according to statistics in 2012 is approximately 10,085,638 people, with a population density equal to 16 people per square kilometer.
The most moderate seasons in Mogadishu are in the period between May and October, which is the period between hot and humid monsoons. The sea breezes and the southwest monsoon make this period more moderate. The climate during December through February is relatively mild. Despite this, the weather conditions are usually hot and humid.