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Damascus is the capital of Syria
Damascus, the Syrian capital, is located in the southwestern region of the country, at the bottom of the eastern Lebanon mountain range and along both sides of the Barada River, with an area of about 41 square miles, and is characterized by its semi-dry climate due to its internal location, and Damascus is the second largest city in Syria, and its population According to the statistics of 2009 about one million seven hundred and eleven thousand people, and it holds the basic number as the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world, where the human presence dates back to about 9000 years BC.
History of Damascus
In about 1100 BC, Damascus became an important political center, as it was the capital of the Kingdom of the Aram of Damascus, and after that it fell under Greek and then Romen rule, and by 125 AD it was considered as the largest urban center, and in the year 634 AD it was controlled by the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and entered the Arab Islamic era, and during the next thousand years Many powers took control of it, and by the sixteenth century the Ottoman Empire controlled it to prevent an alliance between the Persians and the Mamluks, and Damascus remained under the rule of Ottoman rule for about four centuries.
The economy of Damascus
The economy of the city of Damascus depends mainly on government activity, in which national politics and administration, including military and secret services, are concentrated, and knowledge of the city throughout the ages and centuries has also attracted many new industries to it, especially weaving. In the early 1990s, its economy relied on Textile, chemical industries, food industries, cement factories, and traditional handicrafts such as: copper engraving.
Damascus is considered to be the cultural and political center of Syria, and the city has received great attention due to the many historical and cultural sites in it, such as the Grand Mosque, the Salahuddin Al Ayoubi Tomb, the National Museum, the Arabic Language Academy, the Military Museum, and the Museum of Arabic Calligraphy.