What is the capital of Thailand

| |

Thailand

Thailand (English: Thailand); is a country located in the southeastern side of the continent of Asia, and the system of government is considered a constitutional monarchy, and the Thai constitution allocates powers between the legislature, the cabinet and the king. The legislative authority in the country is divided into two chambers, namely, the House of Representatives whose members are elected for a period of four years by the people, and the Senate whose members are appointed after obtaining the king’s approval for six years, and the Thai government works to manage the affairs of the state and the local provinces, but the authority of the courts is It is represented by the Supreme Court, known as Sarn Deca, and the Court of Appeal comes second after the Supreme Court, and it issues decisions in special cases in local courts.

Bangkok is the capital of Thailand

Bangkok is the official capital of Thailand and the largest city between its cities, and Bangkok is located in the central region of the country near the Chao Phraya River, and is known locally as the name (Karnjab) meaning Sky City, and Bangkok is the main port, and the largest commercial and cultural center in Thailand , And its geographical area is approximately 1565 km2. The estimated number of Bangkok residents is 8,500,000, according to the 2014 statistical results. Most of them are Thais of Thai origin, who make up 97%.

Until the end of the eighteenth century AD, the city of Bangkok was geographically larger than the size of a small village, but when King Rama I became ruler of the state in 1782 AD, he decided to establish a city suitable for his modern rule, so he made sure to transform Bangkok into a city by building palaces and surrounding it with a high wall that reached a height To 4 AD, and this led to the design of the city becoming part of the prevailing traditions of Thais, and later government buildings, Buddhist temples and museums were established in the city, which contributed to clarifying the nature of civilization found in Bangkok, and also the city contains many landmarks, including the mountain Gold is known under the name of (Wat Saket), gardens, and aquaculture.

Geographical topography

Thailand contains a group of diverse geographical terrain, as there are high mountains in its northern regions that extend to the southern regions, within the common borders with Burma near northern Malaysia.

(Mount Doi In Tanon) is the highest mountain peak in Thailand, as its height reaches 2576 m, and the lowest point is the Gulf of Thailand, and the plains spread in the central regions near (Chao Phraya River), and it is considered one of the densely populated areas, and the Korat Plateau is from Geographical features in Thailand, which are a group of small and low hills accompanied by the presence of shallow lakes, and are found near the (Mekong River) on the common border with Laos, while on the southern side, the swamps are spread off the coast.

the climate

The special geographical location in Thailand affects the prevailing climate in it, as it is affected by the tropical monsoons coming from eastern Asia, as well as the distribution of rain within its lands, and also the wind blows from the southwestern side towards the northeastern side within the Indian Ocean region, The largest amounts of rain occur in the month of September.

Reverse winds blow between the months of November and February. As for the monsoons coming from the northeastern section, they will be cold winds, unlike the winds coming from the southwestern part, which are considered relatively dry, and the winds will stop in both months of March And April (April) as a result of the drought.
The weather conditions in the high Thai regions are varied, which leads to a change in precipitation, as the average precipitation on the western coasts reaches 4000 mm annually, while on the eastern coasts, the precipitation reaches 1000 mm, and the southern part of Thailand is affected by a cold season during which it falls Rain, too, shows humidity with the monsoons blowing from the northeastern side. Average temperatures during the year in Thailand range from 77 to 84 degrees Celsius, and frost sometimes occurs in highland areas in December.

demographics

The population of the city of Bangkok in 2015 reached 9,270,000 people, according to the United Nations, while the total population of the State of Thailand is estimated, according to statistics in 2016, about 68,200,824 people. Based on 2010 estimates, the population in Thailand is divided into the following ethnic groups: Thais by 95.9%, Burmese by 2%, and other minorities with rates ranging from 0.9% to 1.3%. According to statistical estimates for 2010, the Thai language is It is the official language with 90.7%, and secondary languages ​​are also spread in it, which is the Burmese language and the English language, and the Buddhist religion is the official religion and the most widespread by 93.6%, and then Islam by 4.9%, and Christianity by 1.2% .

Economy

Thailand relies on a free market economy to manage its economic affairs, which contributed to the implementation of strategies that encouraged investment support, and for a long time the Thai economy was strong, but it witnessed a decline in 2013 AD, as a result of the political turmoil that affected exports from agricultural production, cars, etc., and in In 2014, the tourism sector revenues decreased between 6-7%, and Thailand also faces limited manpower, which has led to dependence on migrant workers from the surrounding countries.

The Thai government is working to implement reform economic policies, the most important of which is to raise the minimum wage and support tax reform that has contributed to reducing the interest rate on income. The city of Bangkok contains the main port of the state, and its residents work in the areas of finance, tourism, government work, and transportation, while its industrial production depends on textiles, the food industry, and electronic devices.
Three financial councils operate on the Department of Economic Affairs in Thailand: the Investment Council that contributes to supporting entrepreneurs, the National Economic Development Council that sets economic plans for the government with an estimated duration of five years, and the budget office that collects the annual budget of the state, and these bodies are keen to have Sound conditions for the prosperity and development of commercial business, and both the central bank and commercial banks participate with the Ministry of Finance in organizing domestic and international financial transactions.

Previous

Capitals of the countries of the world

What is the capital of France

Next

Leave a Comment