What is the capital of the Abbasid caliphate

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The capital of the Abbasid Caliphate is the city of Kufa in Iraq, located near Najaf, this ancient city was founded by Saad bin Abi Waqqas, as it was taken as a camp during the battle of Al-Qadisiyah during the era of Caliph Umar ibn Al-Khattab, and Kufa flourished in the Umayyad era and was previously called ( Kaufan), Muslims from the city of Kufa took a base to attack (the cities), the capital of the Sassanid Persians, where the army of Islam was victorious, Caliph Ali bin Abi Talib took it as the capital of his state as well, so that the city becomes an important place in the field of politics and wars, so that the city will witness important historical events. , And disorders transmitted records The history of the abundance of their importance.

Among the important events that occurred in Kufa (the Karbala incident), so that the people of Kufa formed the army that went out to fight Al-Hussein bin Ali, and finish off it and his family, in addition to the revolutions of the Alevis, the Abbasids took as their capital as the city is distinguished by its reservation in all its affairs in contrast to Damascus Kufa was famous for the (Kufic script), or Arabic script, and the rest of the lines developed after it.

This is with regard to the first capital of the first era of the Abbasid state, which was established after the collapse of the Umayyad state during the death of the Umayyad caliph Hisham bin Abd al-Malik, the tenth of the Umayyad caliphs. Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Ali bin Abdullah bin Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib, nicknamed (Al-Saffah), and it was sold as a successor to the Abbasids in the city of Kufa, from which he was taken as the capital of the state.

The Abbasid state was divided into two main periods, namely: –

– The bright age (the first Abbasid era), or the golden age, and as long as a century, the state was distinguished by its power of influence and control in all fields, especially the political field, and seven Abbasid caliphs continued to rule in this era, the last of which was the caliph (Al-Wathiq bin Al Mu’tasim) To begin the second era of the caliphate after his death.

The era of the disintegration of the state and its deterioration, in which the sun of the Abbasid state fell at the hands of (Hulagu), and this era also lasted for a century.


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