What is the capital of the Emirates

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The United Arab Emirates (in English: UAE) is a constitutional federation that brings together seven different independent emirates, namely: Abu Dhabi headed by Al Nahyan, Dubai headed by Al Maktoum, Fujairah headed by Al Sharqi, Umm Al Quwain headed by the Al Mualla family, Ajman headed by the Al Naimi clan, and Ras The tent, and Sharjah headed by the Al Qasimi clan, and the first head of state, His Highness Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, unified these Emirates in 1971 AD, to form a union that is the only one of its kind among the Arab countries, then he managed to advance the Arab Emirates, and made it one of the most civilized and advanced countries in the world economically.
The Emirates are located geographically in the northeastern side of the Arabian Peninsula, and astronomically between the longitude of ’35 ° 51 and ’10 ° 57 ‘east, and the latitudes’ 35 ° 22 and 25’25 ° north, as their lands take a similar shape to the triangle, and they occupy a total area It is approximately 83,600 km2, and this area is inhabited by 9,828,023 people, according to statistics in 2020 AD, as more than 200 different nationalities live among them, and it is worth mentioning that the percentage of expatriates exceeds the indigenous population in the country, and the Indians are considered the largest foreign community in it, followed by Pakistanis, Bengalis, and Asians , Europeans, and Africans, and the UAE has a desert climate, as it is dominated by humidity Pric, and high temperatures during the summer, while dominated by warm weather and sunny during the winter, as the weather is cooler in the eastern mountainous areas.
Islam is the official religion in the United Arab Emirates, apart from the presence of some other religions, and Arabic is the official language in it, in addition to several other languages, such as: Bengali (English: Bengali), English, Farsi (English: Farsi), and Mandarin (English: Mandarin), Nepali (English: Nepali), Russian (English: Russian), Sinhalese (Tagalog), Urdu (Urdu), Hindi (English: Hindi, Malayalam), The Emirati dirham (AED: English) is the official currency of the country and is denominated The dirham is 100 fils.

Abu Dhabi is the capital of the Emirates

Abu Dhabi is the national, federal, political and administrative capital of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi itself, and despite being considered the capital of the state since 1971 CE, this was officially registered in the nineties, and Abu Dhabi is now a prosperous city , With a global economy, and advanced infrastructure.

The origin of the name Abu Dhabi

The name Abu Dhabi has a history of more than 300 years, according to some historical records. The literal meaning of the name in Arabic refers to the father of the Gazelle, and it is believed that it was named after this name. To the animals of the Duba that were living in the emirate, as it was known by some Bedouins as the name of Abu Dhabi, or before that it was called the salt in relation to the salty water in the Arabian Gulf, or because it was surrounding the emirate of salt water swamps, and it is worth mentioning the difference of pronunciation The word Abu Dhabi is among the residents of the emirate’s west and east coast, as it is called Residents of the west coast of Abu Dhabi, while the residents of the eastern side call it Abu Dhabi.

Geography of Abu Dhabi

Location and space

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is located on the island of Abu Dhabi, on the coast of the Arabian Gulf, and is bordered on the southern and western sides by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, while it is bordered on the eastern side by the Sultanate of Oman, and the Emirate of Dubai is located on its northeastern borders, and Abu Dhabi is characterized by a strategic location of commercial importance At the global level, due to its location on the intersection of trade routes between the continents of Asia and Europe, in addition to its presence in one of the most developed regions around the world, which is the region between the Middle East and North Africa, and Abu Dhabi occupies the first rank among the seven emirates in terms of Geographical area , With an area of ​​67.340 km2, and covers 84% ​​of the total area of ​​the state, and includes 200 islands on its territory, and has a coastline along the 700 km.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi is divided geographically into three main regions, which are: the city of Abu Dhabi that connects to land via one of the following four bridges: Maqta Bridge (Mqafah), Mussafah, Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Sheikh Khalifa Bridge, and Al Ain Region ( Al Ain is located in the eastern side of the emirate, as it is located in the south of Jebel Hafeet, which is the highest peak in the emirate, with a height of 1,240 m, and the Al Dhafra region (English: Al Dhafrah) The western side of the emirate, divided into seven major cities, namely: Madinat Zayed, Liwa, and Ghayathi (English: Ghayathi, Ruwais, Mirfa, Sila, and Delma Island.

the climate

Abu Dhabi is characterized by a desert climate, due to its location at an altitude of 7 m above sea level, and its average temperature is highest in August, at 34.2 ° C, and its lowest value is recorded in January, at an average of 18.2 ° The average annual temperature in the emirate is 26.8 ° C, and Abu Dhabi witnesses very little rainfall, estimated annually at only 75 mm, and the precipitation is the lowest in May, with an average of 0 mm, while a month is recorded. February is the most common precipitation in the year, by 29 mm.

Abu Dhabi demographic

Abu Dhabi is the second largest of the seven emirates in terms of population, and the urban areas attract the largest proportion of the population of the emirate, as the population in these areas is approximately 1.69 million people, according to statistics in 2020, while the population of rural areas is about 1.08 million people. Abu Dhabi is considered to be the place where many indigenous citizens of the country live, as 550,000 people live in it, and the Emirate is witnessing a remarkable increase in the number of males in it compared to the number of females, as the number of males is about 1.8 million, with an average age of 75.9 years, while the number of females Approximately 952,749 females, with an average age of 79 .5 year.

Abu Dhabi History

Abu Dhabi is considered a modern city in most of it, but despite that, it has historical roots, old and rooted, as it was found in 2010 the oldest building in it, which is the Nestorian Church (in English: nestorian church) that dates back to 600 BC. The Bedouin tribes were the first to live in this emirate, as the Bani Yas tribe took them as their home in 1761 AD.

Abu Dhabi government system

Abu Dhabi government

The system of government in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi is considered a royal system, and the emirate is considered a place for the Al Nahyan family that inherits the rule, and a seat for the government of the state, as it contains the official government offices, and the local authority of the emirate is represented by the Executive Council, which is chaired by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, The Council supervises government agencies emanating from it, which have the status of ministries, in addition to a number of independent agencies, which have specific and clear powers, as the Environmental Affairs Agency, and the principal eastern and western major areas in the emirate are headed by representatives of the ruler of Abu Dhabi, and the main cities in them Managed by municipalities, these cities are: Abu Dhabi city, Al Ain.
The government is formed in the emirate from the Supreme Council of the Federation, which is considered the highest constitutional authority in the United Arab Emirates, in addition to the Council of Ministers, Parliament, the Federal National Council, and an independent judiciary headed by the Federal Supreme Court. The Supreme Council consists of the rulers of the seven Emirates, who are elected from among them Chairman and deputy of the council.

Abu Dhabi Ruler

Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, the ruler of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, was born in 1948 in the city of Al Ain, which is located in the eastern region of Abu Dhabi, and received his basic education in it. Sheikh Khalifa has noble qualities that combine generosity, benevolence, leadership, courage and the ability to interact With the people, and to meet their needs, which made him a prominent ruler, and His Highness has held several positions that started appointing him as a representative of the ruler of Abu Dhabi in the eastern region, and president of its courts, then he moved to become the Crown Prince of this emirate, then headed to the Ministry of Defense there, to later serve as president The first cabinet in Abu Dhabi, as appointed by K. The first president of the Emirate’s Executive Council, and deputy leader of the armed forces of the state after that. Ultimately, he received the rule of Abu Dhabi after his father’s departure in 2004, and was elected by the Supreme Council as President of the United Arab Emirates.

Abu Dhabi Economy

Abu Dhabi is the most wealthy and oil-producing emirate of the Emirates, and is characterized by political stability, economic activity, and industrial expansion, and by being an encouraging environment to attract capital, which made it one of the most attractive cities for investment in the world, due to its strategic location, which made it a commercial, tourist emirate Local, regional and international level.
Oil, tourism, and limited taxes in Abu Dhabi played a big role in achieving economic well-being, raising gross domestic product, and per capita income that reached high levels among the countries of the world, as the emirate owns 10% of the world’s oil reserves, and 5% of Gas reserves.
The current indicators show the future of Abu Dhabi in the main industries, as current evidence indicates a significant investment increase in the aluminum and steel industry, which are the most important mineral industries in the UAE in general, and Abu Dhabi in particular, and the Emirate is also witnessing a good performance in the chemical industries, especially Petrochemical, in addition to the noticeable development in the food industry, is the pharmaceutical industry, which is one of the sectors that the emirate can exploit and develop in, despite its limitations at the present time.

Tourism in Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is an attractive tourist city, which offers many recreational activities, and here are some of the best places and activities in it:

  • Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque: Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is the largest mosque in the Emirates, with a capacity of up to 40,000 worshipers, and the landmark Abu Dhabi city landmark and the most popular tourist attraction in it, due to its unique design that represents modern architecture art rooted in Islamic heritage, and mixes Among the architecture of different eras, such as the Mamluk, the Ottoman, and the Fatimid, this mosque was built of Macedonian marble, a variety of glass, mosaic, and sculptures, and it took almost 20 years to build, as it was opened in 2007 AD.
  • Louvre Museum: Louvre Abu Dhabi is considered the most distinguished museum in the Middle East, and it provides an integrated set of artistic history from the Neolithic period to the present day. It combines Egyptian archaeological sculptures, famous Picasso paintings and modern architecture used in its construction. It is characterized by its large silver dome, which covers most of its parts, and the museum contains more than 12 galleries, and attracts many annual exhibitions, and it is worth mentioning that it is the first of the three museums that are planned to be established on Saadiyat Island, with the aim of making it a future center of culture in the emirate.
  • Ferrari world: Ferrari World, the largest park in the world, is located on Yas Island, and it is one of the most attractive places for fans of excitement and excitement, and is suitable for all ages, and includes the fastest train game, and the longest episode Recreational race in the world, with a length of 52 m, and there are also many Ferrari cars dating back to 1947 m.
  • Kayak: Kayaking Tours are surrounded by many islands along the shores of Abu Dhabi city, and many activities can be practiced on these beaches, allowing to identify these forests, such as kayak, which can be practiced Before all ages, for 1.5-3 hours for a single rowing tour.
  • Boat tours: Abu Dhabi Islands provide many recreational activities appropriate for all segments, including sunset cruises, city lights, in addition to other tours that may include scuba diving, enjoying spending time on the beach, as well as What enables him to see the magnificent view of tall buildings and skyscrapers.

Education in Abu Dhabi

The Emirate of Abu Dhabi attaches great importance to the educational sector, as it allocates 25% of the total local spending on this sector, and education is compulsory for children from 6 to 12 years old, and it is free for Emirati citizens, until the completion of all school levels. The Emirate of Abu Dhabi recently implemented general reforms in the educational sector, as this was evident in adopting modern methods of education, in addition to enabling the English language, and following systematic plans aimed at teaching sciences, mathematics in a new way, and in the English language.
Schools and universities in Abu Dhabi adopt the separation of the sexes in the educational process, unlike the spreading mixed international private schools, which are intended for the children of expatriates to study in, including: the British, the Canadians, the Chinese, the French, the Germans, the Japanese, and the Americans. Abu Dhabi is distinguished by several public universities In particular, it is noteworthy that the language of instruction in universities and schools in Abu Dhabi is Arabic, except for some scientific and technical subjects taught in the English language.

Culture in Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi was, and still is, a hub of the presence of many races and different cultures such as Indian, Pakistani, and others, and poetry is one of the most important arts in it, as it attracts many amateurs, sheikhs, teachers, princes, and others, and deals with many topics such as religion, family , Gallantry, spelling, and others.

The economic capital of the Emirates

Dubai is considered the economic capital of the United Arab Emirates, and is characterized by being a center of trade, business, and the most developed and liberalized emirate. During the past decades, it witnessed a great economic revival and rapid urbanization, in addition to the oil revenues accruing to it, either in terms of geographical area, Dubai ranks second among the seven emirates, stretching nearly 3,900 km2.
Dubai has attracted many foreign and industrial investments in the twenty-first century, such as car production, cement, and aluminum smelting, as foreign companies have had huge successes in investing in them, and Dubai has become a place for the presence of more than 6,400 international companies, and in the nineties it became a destination for many tourists In 2006, the Dubai International Financial Center was opened, and in addition, it is characterized by having two commercial ports that are considered to be one of the largest in the world, and it also hosts a center for shipping international goods via air.


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