What is the capital of the island of Cyprus

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The city of Nicosia

Nicosia is the largest city on the island of Cyprus, as well as being its administrative capital and the center of government in it, and it is a rich city that is classified – according to the national income of the individual – as one of the richest cities in the Eastern Mediterranean region, bearing in mind that it contains the headquarters The President of the Republic of Cyprus, in addition to government offices, parliament and parliament, as well as it is the commercial and financial capital in Cyprus, given that it includes the headquarters of all major banks, and it also includes many media, international, and other companies.

A brief history of Nicosia

The region over which the city of Nicosia was located today was a Byzantine colony during the period (330-1191 AD), then the royal Lusignan family ruled between the years (1192-1489 AD) until it was controlled by the Kings of Venice in 1489 AD, but it soon came under the rule of the state The Ottoman Empire – during the reign of the Ottoman Sultan Selim II – that it was able to conquer in the year 1571AD until Britain took control of it in 1878 until 1960 AD.

At the end of the twentieth century, the borders of this city expanded and reached the walls of the current city of Venice, noting that the northern part – the separation between the island of Cyprus and the Turkish borders – from Nicosia was subject to the supervision and supervision of the United Nations forces, as a result of the dispute that occurred between Turkey and Cyprus in the middle The 1970s, specifically in 1974.

The most important landmarks of the city of Nicosia

The city of Nicosia contains many sites of tourist attractions, and the following are mentioned for their most important:

  • Cyprus Museum: The Cyprus Museum, which can be considered one of the most important museums of the island, is located in an area close to the walls of the ancient city, and it contains inside the museum many of the archeological pieces that have been discovered on the island of Cyprus.
  • Venetian walls: They represent walls dating back to the year 1567 AD, and as such are considered one of the most important monuments in the region.
  • AG Leventis Gallery: This art museum, whose holdings date back to the period between the two centuries: the sixteenth and twentieth century, is one of the most important attractions of the city, which is one of the attractions of tourists – outside the old city.

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