What is the capital of the Kingdom of Bahrain

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The city of Manama

Manama is an Arab Islamic and coastal city located in the Kingdom of Bahrain, in the northern part of the main Bahraini island, specifically in the region overlooking the Arabian Gulf, and linked with the city of Muharraq by a long bridge, and it represents the administrative capital of Bahrain, in addition to that Its commercial, economic, and major city is among the Bahraini cities.

A brief history of Manama

The first mention of the city of Manama dates back to the year 1345 AD, in the Arab Islamic records, where it is reported that it was subject to the control of the Portuguese in 1521 AD, then the Persians invaded it in 1602 AD, and in 1783 AD the Al Khalifa family inhabited Bahrain, and ruled the region using autonomous power until the country was established Under British protection during the period (1861-1914 AD), then it became the capital of the country after its independence in 1971 AD.

Economy of the city of Manama

The city of Manama was an important commercial center for the northern Arabian Gulf region from a long time ago, as the city’s economy depended on fishing activities, pearl extraction, boat building, and on the import of goods, but the discovery of oil in 1932 contributed greatly to the revival of the national economy and improvement Infrastructure, and the establishment of many development projects, economic institutions, financial centers, and modern ports. Manama has become one of the most important ports in the Arab Gulf.

The most important landmarks of the city of Manama

The city of Manama includes many places and wonderful landmarks, and the following are mentioned for the most important of them:

  • Bahrain National Museum: It is considered one of the most important museums in the country, and it contains many works and artifacts that express the history of Bahrain.
  • The Quran House: It is an important museum that houses a selection of Korans dating back to nearly every century since the advent of Islam in 610 AD.
  • Al-Fatih Mosque: It is a mosque founded by Sheikh Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Khalifa (the founder of Bahrain) with a large area.
  • Manama Market: It is a lively and active market that includes many shops designated for the sale of various items and merchandise.


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