What is the capital of the State of Bahrain

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The city of Manama

The city of Manama is the capital of the State of Bahrain and its largest city, with a population of about 155,000 people, and its location is located in the northeastern part of the island of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf, and this city is part of a small peninsula in the State of Bahrain, with an area estimated at 27 square kilometers, and is characterized by It has a dry and flat land, and a dry climate, and its temperatures vary in winter and summer.

Historical background about the city of Manama

The name of Manama was first mentioned in the historical Islamic sources dating back to 1345 AD, and in 1521 AD the city fell under the control of the Portuguese, then the Persians occupied it in 1602 AD, and since 1783 CE the city of Manama has come under the rule of the Al Khalifa family, which is the ruling family in the State of Bahrain currently It is noteworthy that the country was under British protection for a long period of time from 1861 to 1914, and in the meantime, Manama was the seat of the British political agent, and in 1971 AD, Manama became the capital of the independent state of Bahrain.

The city of Manama is developing

The economy of the city of Manama depended for a long time on fishing, boat building, and the extraction of pearls. Then, the discovery of oil in Bahrain in 1932 changed the city’s economy, and Manama developed and became the commercial center of the country, and the port of Manama, which became the most important port of the Persian Gulf, also became the capital. A headquarters for important government buildings, ministries, and a home for senior government officials after the independence of the State of Bahrain in 1971 AD, in addition to being the financial, commercial, recreational, and cultural center of the country.

Characteristics of the city of Manama

There are many advantages that distinguish the city of Manama, including the following:

  • It contains many art galleries that display the works of talented Bahraini and expatriate artists, the most famous of which are the Arabesque Gallery in the Umm Al-Hassam neighborhood, and the Al-Barih Gallery in Adliya.
  • The presence of many amazing Islamic monuments in Manama, including the following:
    • The Quran House: It is located in the Hoora district, located under the Manama neighborhood. It offers a unique collection of manuscripts. It also contains a library of more than 50,000 books written in Arabic, English and French.
    • The Ahmad Al-Fateh Islamic Mosque Center: It contains 7,000 books, including books on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, and Al-Azhar magazines printed more than a hundred years ago, in addition to the existence of many periodicals and magazines.
  • There are many malls, such as the central market, which contains three main sections, which are fish, meat, vegetables and fruits.
  • It contains skyscrapers with distinctive designs, and many historical and tourist sites that link the past to the present, including the National Museum and the National Theater.

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