What is the capital of Uganda

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Uganda

Uganda (English: Uganda), officially known as the Republic of Uganda (English: Republic of Uganda) is one of the countries located in the African continent from the east, and it is from the landlocked countries, bordered on the eastern side by Kenya, and on the north side by South Sudan, and on the one hand The western is the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the southwestern side is Rwanda, and the southern side is Tanzania. It is considered the second largest landlocked country in terms of population in the world after Ethiopia, and its population is 34,856,813 people, according to the statistics of 2014. The country has an area of ​​241,038 km2. The country’s official currency is Schilling.

The capital of Uganda

Kampala is the legal capital of the country, and it is the largest city in it. This city is divided into five administrative divisions that supervise local planning: the Central Kampala District, the Kwambi District, the Makinda District, the Nakawa District, and the Lubaga District. The name of the capital with this name belongs to the British colonists when they arrived in the area, which was composed of hills with grassy wetlands in the valleys, and a home to the different types of impala (antelope), and when the British mission arrived, they called it the Impala Hills in relation to the spread of this animal in abundance in the region , And the name was later corrupted to Kampala.

Geography

The city of Kampala is located in southern Uganda, 32 km north of Lake Victoria, and 47 km north of Entebbe where the Kampala International Airport is located. The city is located to the east of the city of Jinja, and the city extends between the coordinates of ″ 49 ′18 ° 0 North, and ″ 52 ′34 ° 32 east. The most prominent districts of the city are Central Kampala, which includes the following regions: Kululu, Old Kampala, and Nakasero. These are the most prestigious areas of the city.

Population

The population of Kampala is 1,516,210 people. The city has many races, most notably the Paganda, who are the local residents of the Kingdom of Buganda, and they are considered the largest race in the city, where they constitute 60% of the population. There are also Benicole, race, pasuga, bacega, atisu, langi, and Acholi, among other races.
The city’s official religion is Christianity, with the domination of the Roman Catholic Church, followed by the Anglican Church of Uganda, and Islam also spreads in the city, especially in eastern Uganda. The languages ​​spoken in the city are: English (official), Swahili (official), Uganda, Bantu and Nilo.

the climate

The climate of the city is considered a hot and warm climate on most days of the year, and because of its occurrence in the southern part of the equator, the city of Kampala has the warmest temperatures in January, while the coldest month of the year is August, where the highest average temperature in January It reaches 27 ° C, while the lowest average temperatures in August reach 17 ° C. April witnesses the largest rainfall in a year, reaching approximately 300 mm in April.

Date

The city of Kampala was part of the Kingdom of Buganda until the nineteenth century, as it became the capital of the kingdom in this century. In 1860 AD, the British came to the city in search of the main source of the Nile River, then the Christian missionary campaigns began arriving in the city, which is the Protestants and the Catholic Church. The missionary campaigns were followed by agents from the East India Company in 1888 AD, then the city was declared under the tutelage British in 1894 AD.
In the early twentieth century, the city was plagued by the African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), which claimed many lives on the banks of Lake Victoria. In 1962, Uganda gained independence from Britain and the Kingdom of Buganda was established, which was abolished after independence, and it was restored again in 1993. The Ugandan kingdom was ruled by Idi Amin between 1971-1979, who killed more than 300,000 Ugandans and helped Ugandans Tanzania to end his sentence.

tourism

Kampala is known as the city of the seven hills, where the city was built on seven hills, but it has increased significantly over time, and these hills now constitute important tourist attractions for the city, namely: Kasubi, Mingo, Kibuli, Namirembe, Lubaga, Nambia and Kampala. The city also contains many beautiful tourist places that attract tourists, most notably:

  • Lake Kabaka: Which was dug in 1880 to reach Lake Victoria.
  • Uganda National Museum: It was built in 1908 and contains a large collection of historical artifacts.
  • Kasubi’s royal tombs: They are tombs with thatched roofs, and include the most important royal tombs of the Kingdom of Buganda.
  • Andheri Center: It is an important cultural center in the city, and features a picturesque architecture.

Other attractions in Kampala include Lubiri Palace, the Ugandan Parliament, and the Court of Justice. Despite the damage caused by the Ugandan and Tanzanian war, the city was rebuilt, hotels, banks, shopping centers, educational institutions, hospitals were rebuilt, and the buildings destroyed by the wars were improved.

transportation

The city of Kampala has Entebbe International Airport, which is the largest airport in Uganda, and this airport serves as Uganda’s gateway to the world. As for internal transportation, residents use a popular local motorcycle, known as “Buda Buda”, through which transport is carried out between the inner regions of the capital and outside, and it is good during peak traffic despite its seriousness. There are also large buses called Pioneer, which is the name of a company that provides public bus service in Kampala. There is also a taxi called “Matato”, which is a minibus that transports a number of people, and there are also private taxis that accommodate only four or five people.

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